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Magnesite and Olivine Deposits of Turkey

  • Haşim AğrılıEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 16)

Abstract

Two types of magnesite occurrences have been identified in Turkey based on their origin of formation. The first is of sedimentary type magnesite occurrences. This type of magnesite is found in Denizli–Çardak and Erzincan–Çayırlı. The second cryptocrystalline type of magnesite constitutes the remainder of the entire resources of Turkey (İrkeç T, Kapkaç F. Türkiye’de Bilinen Manyezit Yatak ve Zuhurlarının Değerlendirilmesi ile Aramalara Yönelik Öneriler [Evaluation of known magnesite deposits and occurrences of Turkey with suggestion for exploration]. General Directorate of the Mineral Research and Exploration Report no 8863, Ankara (in Turkish, unpublished, 1989). There are three main magnesite provinces in Turkey, namely the Kütahya–Eskişehir–Bursa province, the Konya Province and the Çankırı–Erzincan–Erzurum–Sivas Province (Fig. 16.1). Kütahya–Eskişehir–Çankırı and Konya Provinces have the largest magnesite reserves in Turkey. Magnesite reserves of Turkey as of 2016 vary considerably with respect to sources. According to the MTA data, Turkey has about 111 million tonnes of magnesite (41–48% MgO) (www.mta.gov.tr, 2015). Ophiolites in Turkey are quite widespread as a result of the geological evolution of the country. Ophiolitic units have economic potential in terms of hosting industrial raw-materials and metallic-mineral systems. One of the important industrial raw material in ophiolitic units is olivine. The ophiolites expose in Bursa, Muğla, Konya, Isparta, Hatay and Erzincan provinces in Turkey have important olivine occurrences. The Bursa and Erzincan occurrences are situated in the İzmir–Ankara–Erzincan suture zone, whereas the olivine occurrences in Hatay exposed in the northernmost part of the Dead Sea Fault Zone. Olivine occurrences in Muğla are in the westernmost edge of the Taurus Mountains, and lastly, the olivine occurrences in Konya and Isparta are situated in Central Anatolia.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to express my gratitude to Prof. Dr. Faruk Ocakoğlu for the translation of this chapter. I am grateful to editors (Franco Pirajno, Cahit Dönmez, Bahadir Şahin) and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pınar Şen for their valuable and constructive comments that greatly improved the chapter.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MTA Central Anatolian 2nd. Regional DirectorateKonyaTurkey

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