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Uranium, Thorium and Rare Earth Element Deposits of Turkey

  • Elif Akıska
  • Zehra KarakaşEmail author
  • Ceyda Öztürk
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 16)

Abstract

This chapter is about the deposits and the mineral occurrences containing uranium, thorium and rare earth elements in Turkey. The data include exploration studies and the formation/origin and characteristics of these deposits.

Uranium deposits in Turkey are mostly in western Anatolia. Among them, the Köprübaşı (Manisa), Fakılı (Uşak), Küçükçavdar (Aydın) and Sorgun (Yozgat) deposits are of a sedimentary type, while only the Demirtepe (Aydın) deposit is a vein-type uranium deposit. The Sorgun deposit occurs in Eocene sediment while others are from the Neogene age. In the Demirtepe deposit, the ore is found in fault zones within Paleozoic schists. Indications of uranium concentrations are also found in Southern Marmara and Eastern Black Sea, Dadağ, Şebinkarakisar, Ayvacık and Mazıdağ regions.

A complex ore deposit consisting of thorium, rare earth elements, barite and fluorite occurs in the Kızılcaören (Eskişehir) region. The ore occurs as large veins and cement of tectonic breccias. In addition, indications of thorium concentrations are also found in the Malatya–Kuluncak, Kayseri–Felahiye, Sivas and Diyarbakır regions. Beside the Kızılcaören REE mineralisation, Çanaklı (Isparta), Mortaş-Doğankuzu (Konya) and Sofular (Malatya) are important REE mineralisations in Turkey.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Geological EngineeringAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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