Electrode Impedance Modeling for Channel Characterization for Intra-body Communication

  • Ahmed E. KhorshidEmail author
  • Ibrahim N. Alquaydheb
  • Ahmed M. Eltawil
Conference paper
Part of the Internet of Things book series (ITTCC)


This paper discusses techniques for modeling the electrode/human contact impedances for Intra-body communication applications. Factors that affect the electrode impedance are considered and tuned in order to study their impact on the channel model (gain/attenuation profile). Finally, an explanation is provided for the relation between the different basic impedances and blocks that are considered in the channel model, and the sensitivity of the channel gain to the variation in such parameters.


Body area networks Intra-body communications Electrode impedance Channel modeling Circuit model Galvanic coupling 



The authors gratefully acknowledge that this work was supported by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) grant number 2016-R2-CX-0014.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed E. Khorshid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ibrahim N. Alquaydheb
    • 1
  • Ahmed M. Eltawil
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical Engineering and Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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