Psychosociocultural Mechanisms of Somatization

  • Kyung Bong Koh


Psychosociocultural mechanisms of somatization can largely be grouped into psychological, behavioral, social, and cultural factors. Psychological factors include personality development, anxiety, depression, anger and anger management style, illness anxiety, inhibition of emotion, alexithymia, communication and defense, and amplification of somatic sensation. Behavioral factors include learning and gain. Social factors include sick role, doctor-patient relationship, and stigma of psychiatric diagnoses. Cultural factors include inhibition of emotional expression in Korean and Chinese cultures. Furthermore, multifactorial interactions should be considered a motivation for somatization.


Psychosociocultural mechanisms Somatization Psychological factors Behavioral factors Social factors Cultural factor 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyung Bong Koh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryYonsei University College of MedicineSeoulKorea

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