Identification of Error

  • Kaizhong Guo
  • Shiyong LiuEmail author
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 267)


In order to identify error, three steps must be followed: (1) defining the universe of discourse; (2) determining a group of meta-rules G as the conditions for evaluating the rules judging errors, figuring out the pertinent fields and time, exploring the relationship and laws exited between the judging rules G and the object being evaluated; (3) finding out the methods for identifying errors. This chapter systematically presents the above-mentioned steps and provides applications accordingly.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangzhou Vocational College of Science and TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Research Institute of Economics and ManagementSouthwestern University of Finance and EconomicsChengduChina

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