Advertisement

The Return Trek from the South Pole

  • Mary R. Tahan
Chapter

Abstract

The beginning of the return journey from the South Pole is documented and analyzed in this chapter, including the planned further reduction of sled dogs on this return leg, Roald Amundsen’s rationale for the killings, and the feeding of these felled dogs to the remaining sled dogs. Facts and events include the order and formation of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition’s two sledge teams, two skiers, and forerunner; the number of miles covered per day; the slaughtering of Amundsen’s favorite dog and the contradictory reasoning given by Amundsen and some of his men for the dog’s killing; Amundsen’s calculations regarding wearing down the dogs, eliminating the weakest, and keeping the strongest alive to pull the caravan; Christmas Day at depot 88° 25′; daily nonstop runs of 15 nautical miles in high altitude; the sighting of the mountains; the exiting of the Polar plateau on December 29, 1911, at 87° 40′; and Amundsen’s management of food rations – increasing them for the men and decreasing them for the dogs.

References

  1. Amundsen, R. Antarctic expedition diary, “Slededagbok fra turen til Sydpolen” [“Sledge diary from the trip to the South Pole”], 8 September 1911–25 January 1912, NB Ms.8° 1249, Manuscripts Collection. Oslo: National Library of Norway.Google Scholar
  2. Amundsen, R. (1912). The South Pole: An account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the “Fram”, 1910–1912, 2 vols (Trans. A.G. Chater). London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  3. Bjaaland, O. (editor Kløver G. O.). (2011). Olav Bjaalands dagbøker: Sydpolsekspedisjonen 1910–12 [Olav Bjaaland’s diaries: The South Pole Expedition 1910–12]. Oslo: The Fram Museum.Google Scholar
  4. Hanssen, H. (1936). Voyages of a modern Viking. London: George Routledge & Sons Ltd..Google Scholar
  5. Hassel, S. (editor Kløver, G. O.). (2011). Sverre Hassels dagbøker: Sydpolsekspedisjonen 1910–1912 [Sverre Hassel’s diaries: The South Pole Expedition 1910–1912]. Oslo: The Fram Museum.Google Scholar
  6. Wisting, O. (editor Kløver, G. O.). (2011). Oscar Wistings dagbok 1910–1912 [Oscar Wisting’s Diary 1910–1912]. In Mannskapets dagbøker: Sydpolsekspedisjonen 1910–1914 [The Crew’s Diaries: The South Pole Expedition 1910–1914]. Oslo: The Fram Museum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary R. Tahan
    • 1
  1. 1.VancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations