Irish Protestant Masculinities and Orangewomen in Scotland, Canada and England, 1890–1918
This chapter argues that the emergence of female Orange lodges at the end of the nineteenth century had direct ramifications for the success of male Orangeism in Scotland and Canada until 1930. Debates about allowing women to form their own lodges hinged upon notions of religiosity and respectability, the latter of which had often been hard for Orangemen to maintain in various parts of the Irish Diaspora. Incorporating women’s supposedly innate morality and respectability into the Orange paradigm arguably allowed the movement to gain a new level of social acceptance before and after the Great War. MacPherson argues that Orangewomen significantly redefined Orangeism, with female members of the order promoting conservative policies that reinforced the working- and middle-class masculinities operating at the heart of the movement.