European Courts and the Protection of Fundamental Rights

  • Antonio Tizzano


As is well known, judicial forums on a continental or national level have been coexisting in Europe for some time now, occupying overlapping areas of jurisdiction—whether actually or potentially—without their respective relationships being defined in strict or unambiguous terms. In the field of fundamental rights, more specifically, this coexistence is reflected in a triangle of sorts, which developed with the European courts at one side, the Luxembourg court and national courts at another side, and the Strasbourg and national courts at yet another side: each of them being within their rights to deal with the protection of fundamental rights.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Tizzano
    • 1
  1. 1.Court of Justice of the European UnionLuxembourg CityLuxembourg

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