• Aina Tarabini


This chapter presents the general conclusions and reflections on the analysis. It calls for the need to properly understand the ‘push factors’ that explain processes of ESL. It also argues for a better appreciation of the ‘school effect’ on the opportunities for school success and offers new proposals appropriate to this area. The book concludes with general observations on educational justice and on equality of conditions for educational success while making political recommendations on how to address educational exclusion in its economic, cultural, and relational expressions and domains.


Early school leaving Educational exclusion Educational justice Push factors School effect 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aina Tarabini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyAutonomous University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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