Advertisement

Nanotechnology for Oil-Water Separation

  • Prakash M. Gore
  • Anukrishna Purushothaman
  • Minoo Naebe
  • Xungai Wang
  • Balasubramanian Kandasubramanian
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

The contamination of oceanic and ground water sources due to oil seepages and industrial waste solvents has emerged as a global issue urging for immediate counter measures to epitomize the catastrophic repercussions on sensitive ecological system. In this sense, various advanced techniques have been explored for the effective oil/solvent-water separation. Recently, researchers have focused on nanomaterials for efficient oil/solvent-water separation, as they render highly active surface area, improved functionality with ability to tailor the properties, and nano-scale dispersion. The oil/solvent-water separation is widely achieved via superwetting phenomena, i.e., superhydrophobic/superhydrophilic, superoleophobic/superoleophilic, which leverages selective wettability towards oil/solvents or water. The superwetting materials can be fabricated by engineering the porous surface-architecture and nano/micro-scaled hierarchical surface roughness. Various nano-functionalized superwetting materials like Janus fabrics, membranes, nanofibers, sponges/foams, and meshes have been explored for the treatment of oil/solvent-water emulsions, as they render high separation efficiency, recyclability, mechanical durability, and high performance against harsh environments. These superwetting nano-engineered materials are promising potential candidates for treating oil/solvent-water emulsions in large quantities, as compared to traditional separation techniques in the near future. In this book chapter, we have discussed the recent advances on superwetting nano-engineered Janus materials, foams, and sponges for the efficient oil/solvent-water separation, along with the governing principle theories such as Wenzel, and Cassie-Baxter. We have also discussed the fabrication methods for these materials, followed by a summary and future scope.

Keywords

Oil-water separation Superhydrophobic Superoleophilic Nanomaterials Janus fabric Membrane 

References

  1. Amal Raj RB, Gonte RR, Balasubramanian K (2017) Dual functional styrene-maleic acid copolymer beads: toxic metals adsorbent and hydrogen storage. In: Enhancing cleanup of environmental pollutants. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 255–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arora R, Balasubramanian K (2014) Hierarchically porous PVDF/nano-SiC foam for distant oil-spill cleanups. RSC Adv 4:53761–53767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arora R, Singh N, Balasubramanian K, Alegaonkar P (2014) Electroless nickel coated nano-clay for electrolytic removal of Hg(ii) ions. RSC Adv 4:50614–50623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Balasubramanian K, Sharma S, Badwe S, Banerjee B (2015) Tailored non-woven electrospun mesh of poly-Ethyleneoxide-keratin for radioactive metal ion sorption. J Green Sci Technol 2:10–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Banerjee BS, Balasubramanian K (2015) Nanotexturing of PC/n-HA nanocomposites by innovative and advanced spray system. RSC Adv 5:13653–13659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bastani D, Safekordi AA, Alihosseini A, Taghikhani V (2006) Study of oil sorption by expanded perlite at 298.15 K. Sep Purif Technol 52:295–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bhalara PD, Balasubramanian K, Banerjee BS (2015) Spider–web textured electrospun composite of graphene for sorption of Hg(II) ions. Mater Focus 4:154–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bhalara PD, Punetha D, Balasubramanian K (2014) A review of potential remediation techniques for uranium(VI) ion retrieval from contaminated aqueous environment. J Environ Chem Eng 2:1621–1634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bhushan B, Jung YC, Koch K (2009) Micro-, nano- and hierarchical structures for superhydrophobicity, self-cleaning and low adhesion. Philos Trans R Soc A Math Phys Eng Sci 367:1631–1672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Birley AW, Haworth B, Batchelor J (1992) Physics of plastics: processing, properties and materials engineering. Hanser Publishers, MunichGoogle Scholar
  11. Breitwieser M, Klingele M, Vierrath S (2018) Tailoring the membrane-electrode interface in PEM fuel cells: a review and perspective on novel engineering approaches. Adv Energy Mater 8:1701257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Brown PS, Bhushan B (2015) Mechanically durable, superoleophobic coatings prepared by layer-by-layer technique for anti-smudge and oil-water separation. Sci Rep 5:8701PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Brueckner T, Eberl A, Heumann S (2008) Enzymatic and chemical hydrolysis of polyethylene terephthalate fabrics. J Polym Sci Part A Polym Chem 46:6435–6443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Brydson JA (1999) Polycarbonates. In: Plastics materials. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 556–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Burkarter E, Saul CK, Thomazi F (2007) Superhydrophobic electrosprayed PTFE. Surf Coatings Technol 202:194–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Buxbaum LH (1968) The degradation of poly(ethylene terephthalate). Angew Chemie Int Ed English 7:182–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cassie ABD, Baxter S (1944) Wettability of porous surfaces. Trans Faraday Soc 40:546–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cecen V, Seki Y, Sarikanat M, Tavman IH (2008) FTIR and SEM analysis of polyester- and epoxy-based composites manufactured by VARTM process. J Appl Polym Sci 108:2163–2170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Chemours (2016) Teflon PTFE DISP 30LX Fluoroplastic dispersion product informationGoogle Scholar
  20. Cheng Z, Gao J, Jiang L (2010) Tip geometry controls adhesive states of superhydrophobic surfaces. Langmuir 26:8233–8238PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cheng B, Li Z, Li Q, Naebe M (2017) Development of smart poly(vinylidene fluoride)-graft-poly(acrylic acid) tree-like nanofiber membrane for pH-responsive oil/water separation. J Memb Sci 534:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Chhatre SS, Choi W, Tuteja A (2010) Scale dependence of omniphobic mesh surfaces. Langmuir 26:4027–4035PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Choi W, Tuteja A, Chhatre S (2009) Fabrics with tunable oleophobicity. Adv Mater 21:2190–2195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Darmanin T, Guittard F (2015) Superhydrophobic and superoleophobic properties in nature. Mater Today 18:273–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Demir T, Wei L, Nitta N (2017) Toward a long-chain Perfluoroalkyl replacement: water and oil repellency of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films modified with Perfluoropolyether-based polyesters. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:24318–24330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dhanshetty M, Balasubramanian K (2016) Seamless coupled breathable nanocomposite Janus. In: Proceedings of 50th IRF International Conference, Pune, pp 5–10Google Scholar
  27. Dorrer C, Rühe J (2007) Condensation and wetting transitions on microstructured ultrahydrophobic surfaces. Langmuir 23:3820–3824PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Drobny JG (2016) Fluorine-containing polymers. In: Brydson’s plastics materials: eighth edition. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 389–425Google Scholar
  29. Dybal J, Schmidt P, Baldrian J, Kratochvíl J (1998) Ordered structures in polycarbonate studied by infrared and Raman spectroscopy, wide-angle X-ray scattering, and differential scanning calorimetry. Macromolecules 31:6611–6619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fernández A, Francone A, Thamdrup LH (2017) Design of hierarchical surfaces for tuning wetting characteristics. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:7701–7709PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Fingas M (2012) The basics of oil spill cleanup, 3rd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fingas M (2015) Handbook of oil spill science and technology. John Wiley & Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  33. Georgiev A, Karamancheva I, Dimov D (2008) FTIR study of the structures of vapor deposited PMDA-ODA film in presence of copper phthalocyanine. J Mol Struct 888:214–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ghorbel E, Hadriche I, Casalino G, Masmoudi N (2014) Characterization of thermo-mechanical and fracture behaviors of thermoplastic polymers. Materials (Basel) 7:375–398PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Gonte R, Balasubramanian K (2016) Heavy and toxic metal uptake by mesoporous hypercrosslinked SMA beads: isotherms and kinetics. J Saudi Chem Soc 20:S579–S590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gonte RR, Shelar G, Balasubramanian K (2014) Polymer–agro-waste composites for removal of Congo red dye from wastewater: adsorption isotherms and kinetics. Desalin Water Treat 52:7797–7811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Gore PM, Dhanshetty M, Kandasubramanian B (2016a) Bionic creation of nano-engineered Janus fabric for selective oil/organic solvent absorption. RSC Adv 6:111250–111260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Gore PM, Kandasubramanian B (2018) Heterogeneous wettable cotton based superhydrophobic Janus biofabric engineered with PLA/functionalized-organoclay microfibers for efficient oil-water separation. J Mater Chem A 6:7457–7479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Gore P, Khraisheh M, Kandasubramanian B (2018a) Nanofibers of resorcinol–formaldehyde for effective adsorption of As (III) ions from mimicked effluents. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:11729–11745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Gore PM, Khurana L, Dixit R, Balasubramanian K (2017) Keratin-Nylon 6 engineered microbeads for adsorption of Th (IV) ions from liquid effluents. J Environ Chem Eng 5:5655–5667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Gore PM, Khurana L, Siddique S (2018b) Ion-imprinted electrospun nanofibers of chitosan/1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate for the dynamic expulsion of thorium (IV) ions from mimicked effluents. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:3320–3334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gore PM, Zachariah S, Gupta P, Balasubramanian K (2016b) Multifunctional nano-engineered and bio-mimicking smart superhydrophobic reticulated ABS/fumed silica composite thin films with heat-sinking applications. RSC Adv 6:105180–105191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Gu J, Xiao P, Chen P (2017) Functionalization of biodegradable PLA nonwoven fabric as Superoleophilic and Superhydrophobic material for efficient oil absorption and oil/water separation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:5968–5973PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Gupta RK, Dunderdale GJ, England MW, Hozumi A (2017) Oil/water separation techniques: a review of recent progresses and future directions. J Mater Chem A 5:16025–16058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Gupta P, Kandasubramanian B (2017) Directional fluid gating by Janus membranes with heterogeneous wetting properties for selective oil-water separation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:19102–19113PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Gupta P, Lapalikar V, Kundu R, Balasubramanian K (2016) Recent advances in membrane based waste water treatment technology: a review. Energy Environ Focus 5:241–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hansen KA (2016) Physical spill countermeasures on water-response in fast currents. In: Oil spill science and technology: second edition. Elsevier, New York, NY, pp 455–482Google Scholar
  48. Homaeigohar SS, Buhr K, Ebert K (2010) Polyethersulfone electrospun nanofibrous composite membrane for liquid filtration. J Memb Sci 365:68–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Huang Q, Xiao C, Hu X, An S (2011) Fabrication and properties of poly(tetrafluoroethylene-co- hexafluoropropylene) hollow fiber membranes. J Mater Chem 21:16510–16516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Hudlikar M, Balasubramanian K, Kodam K (2014) Towards the enhancement of antimicrobial efficacy and hydrophobization of chitosan. J Chitin Chitosan Sci 2:273–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Hunger K (ed) (2002) Industrial dyes. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRGGoogle Scholar
  52. Jiang J (ed) (2010) Functional Phthalocyanine molecular materials. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  53. Kamo N, Kurosawa S (1992) Characteristics of sorption of various gases to plasma-polymerized copper Phthalocyanine. Langmuir 8:254–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Khanale M, Balasubramanian K (2016) Molecular simulation of geometrically optimized polyoxymethylene/poly (vinylalcohol) gel membrane for electroless scrubbing Ni(II) ions. J Environ Chem Eng 4:434–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Khosravi M, Azizian S (2017) Preparation of superhydrophobic and superoleophilic nanostructured layer on steel mesh for oil-water separation. Sep Purif Technol 172:366–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Khurana L, Balasubramanian K (2016) Adsorption potency of imprinted starch/PVA polymers confined ionic liquid with molecular simulation framework. J Environ Chem Eng 4:2147–2154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Lebold A, Smithies A, Andrew E (2000) Fluorocarbon particle coated textiles for use in electrostatic printing machines. p 1–7Google Scholar
  58. Li J, Huang ZQ, Xue C (2018) Facile preparation of novel hydrophobic sponges coated by Cu2O with different crystal facet structure for selective oil absorption and oil/water separation. J Mater Sci 53:10025–10038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Liang W, Guo Z (2013) Stable superhydrophobic and superoleophilic soft porous materials for oil/water separation. RSC Adv 3:16469–16474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Lim HCA (2016) Thermoplastic polyesters. In: Brydson’s plastics materials: eighth edition. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 527–543Google Scholar
  61. Lin X, Yang M, Jeong H (2016) Durable superhydrophilic coatings formed for anti-biofouling and oil-water separation. J Memb Sci 506:22–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Liu M, Hou Y, Li J, Guo Z (2017) Stable superwetting meshes for on-demand separation of immiscible oil/water mixtures and emulsions. Langmuir 33:3702–3710PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Ma Q, Cheng H, Fane AG (2016) Recent development of advanced materials with special wettability for selective oil/water separation. Small 12:2186–2202PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Ma W, Guo Z, Zhao J (2017) Polyimide/cellulose acetate core/shell electrospun fibrous membranes for oil-water separation. Sep Purif Technol 177:71–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Makowski T, Grala M, Fortuniak W (2016) Electrical properties of hydrophobic polyester and woven fabrics with conducting 3D network of multiwall carbon nanotubes. Mater Des 90:1026–1033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Mates JE, Schutzius TM, Qin J (2014) The fluid diode: tunable unidirectional flow through porous substrates. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:12837–12843PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Matsubayashi T, Tenjimbayashi M, Komine M (2017) Bioinspired hydrogel-coated mesh with superhydrophilicity and underwater superoleophobicity for efficient and ultrafast oil/water separation in harsh environments. Ind Eng Chem Res 56:7080–7085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Mishra P, Balasubramanian K (2014) Nanostructured microporous polymer composite imprinted with superhydrophobic camphor soot, for emphatic oil-water separation. RSC Adv 4:53291–53296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Moser FH, Thomas AL (1964) Phthalocyanine compounds. J Chem Educ 41:245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Padaki M, Surya Murali R, Abdullah MS (2015) Membrane technology enhancement in oil-water separation. A review. Desalination 357:197–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Padhi S, Gosavi S, Ramdayal Yadav BK (2018) Quantitative evolution of wetting phenomena for super hydrophobic surfaces. Mater Focus 7:305–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Padma N, Joshi A, Singh A (2009) NO2 sensors with room temperature operation and long term stability using copper phthalocyanine thin films. Sensors Actuators B Chem 143:246–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Pan Q, Wang M, Wang H (2008) Separating small amount of water and hydrophobic solvents by novel superhydrophobic copper meshes. Appl Surf Sci 254:6002–6006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Parshin AM, Gunyakov VA, Zyryanov VY, Shabanov VF (2013) Domain structures in nematic liquid crystals on a polycarbonate surface. Int J Mol Sci 14:16303–16320PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Parvinzadeh M, Ebrahimi I (2011) Influence of atmospheric-air plasma on the coating of a nonionic lubricating agent on polyester fiber. Radiat Eff Defects Solids 166:408–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Qi H, Sui K, Ma Z et al (2002) Polymeric fluorocarbon-coated polyester substrates for waterproof breathable fabrics. Text Res J 72:93–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Ramalho A, Miranda JC (2005) Friction and wear of electroless NiP and NiP + PTFE coatings. Wear 259:828–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Rezaeifard A, Jafarpour M, Naeimi A, Salimi M (2012) Efficient and highly selective aqueous oxidation of alcohols and sulfides catalyzed by reusable hydrophobic copper (II) phthalocyanine. Inorg Chem Commun 15:230–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Rule P, Balasubramanian K, Gonte RR (2014) Uranium(VI) remediation from aqueous environment using impregnated cellulose beads. J Environ Radioact 136:22–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Sahoo BN, Balasubramanian K (2014) Facile synthesis of nano cauliflower and nano broccoli like hierarchical superhydrophobic composite coating using PVDF/carbon soot particles via gelation technique. J Colloid Interface Sci 436:111–121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Sahoo BN, Balasubramanian K, Sucheendran MM (2015) Thermally triggered transition of superhydrophobic characteristics of micro and Nano textured multiscale rough surfaces. J Phys Chem C 119(25):14201–14213Google Scholar
  82. Sahoo BN, Kandasubramanian B (2014a) An experimental design for the investigation of water repellent property of candle soot particles. Mater Chem Phys 148:134–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Sahoo BN, Kandasubramanian B (2014b) Recent progress in fabrication and characterisation of hierarchical biomimetic superhydrophobic structures. RSC Adv 4:22053–22093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Sahoo BN, Kandasubramanian B (2014c) Photoluminescent carbon soot particles derived from controlled combustion of camphor for superhydrophobic applications. RSC Adv 4:11331–11342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Sahoo BN, Kandasubramanian B, Sabarish B (2013) Controlled anisotropic wetting behaviour of multi-scale slippery surface structure of non fluoro polymer composite. Express Polym Lett 7:900–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Sahoo BN, Sabarish B, Balasubramanian K (2014) Controlled fabrication of non-fluoro polymer composite film with hierarchically nano structured fibers. Prog Org Coatings 77:904–907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Saini S, Kandasubramanian B (2018) Engineered smart textiles and Janus microparticles for diverse functional industrial applications. Polym Plast Technol Eng:1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03602559.2018.1466177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Salzman RF, Xue J, Rand BP (2005) The effects of copper phthalocyanine purity on organic solar cell performance. Org Electron Phys Mater Appl 6:242–246Google Scholar
  89. Sarwar N, Mohsin M, Bhatti AA (2017) Development of water and energy efficient environment friendly easy care finishing by foam coating on stretch denim fabric. J Clean Prod 154:159–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Schwieger T, Peisert H, Golden MS (2002) Electronic structure of the organic semiconductor copper phthalocyanine and K-CuPc studied using photoemission spectroscopy. Phys Rev B 66:155207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Seoudi R, El-Bahy GS, El Sayed ZA (2005) FTIR, TGA and DC electrical conductivity studies of phthalocyanine and its complexes. J Mol Struct 753:119–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Serrano-Saldaña E, Domínguez-Ortiz A, Pérez-Aguilar H (2004) Wettability of solid/brine/n-dodecane systems: experimental study of the effects of ionic strength and surfactant concentration. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 241:343–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Sharma S, Balasubramanian K, Arora R (2016) Adsorption of arsenic (V) ions onto cellulosic-ferric oxide system: kinetics and isotherm studies. Desalin Water Treat 57:9420–9436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Shi H, He Y, Pan Y (2016) A modified mussel-inspired method to fabricate TiO2 decorated superhydrophilic PVDF membrane for oil/water separation. J Memb Sci 506:60–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Si Y, Fu Q, Wang X (2015) Superelastic and Superhydrophobic nanofiber-assembled cellular aerogels for effective separation of oil/water emulsions. ACS Nano 9:3791–3799PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Simon S, Kandasubramanian B (2018) Facile immobilization of camphor soot on electrospun hydrophobic membrane for oil-water separation. Mater Focus 7:295–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Simon S, Malik A, Kandasubramanian B (2018) Hierarchical electrospun super-hydrophobic nanocomposites of fluoroelastomer. Mater Focus 7:194–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Smith C (1980) Fire retardant polyester-polytetrafluoroethylene compositionsGoogle Scholar
  99. Song J, Huang S, Lu Y (2014) Self-driven one-step oil removal from oil spill on water via selective-wettability steel mesh. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:19858–19865PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Sun M, Watson GS, Zheng Y (2009) Wetting properties on nanostructured surfaces of cicada wings. J Exp Biol 212:3148–3155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Tang X, Si Y, Ge J (2013) In situ polymerized superhydrophobic and superoleophilic nanofibrous membranes for gravity driven oil-water separation. Nanoscale 5:11657–11664PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Testa RB, Yu LM (1987) Stress-strain relation for coated fabrics. J Eng Mech 113:1631–1646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Tian X, Li J, Wang X (2012b) Anisotropic liquid penetration arising from a cross-sectional wettability gradient. Soft Matter 8:2633–2637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Tian Y, Su B, Jiang L (2014) Interfacial material system exhibiting superwettability. Adv Mater 26:6872–6897PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Tian D, Zhang X, Tian Y (2012a) Photo-induced water-oil separation based on switchable superhydrophobicity- superhydrophilicity and underwater superoleophobicity of the aligned ZnO nanorod array-coated mesh films. J Mater Chem 22:19652–19657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Tuteja A, Choi W, Mabry JM (2008a) Robust omniphobic surfaces. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105:18200–18205PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Tuteja A, Choi W, McKinley GH (2008b) Design parameters for superhydrophobicity and superoleophobicity. MRS Bull 33:752–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Walker AH, Scholz D, McPeek M (2018) Comparative risk assessment of spill response options for a deepwater oil well blowout: part III. Stakeholder engagement. Mar Pollut Bull 133:970.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.05.009CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Walther A, Müller AHE (2008) Janus particles. Soft Matter 4:663–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Walther A, Müller AHE (2013) Janus particles: synthesis, self-assembly, physical properties, and applications. Chem Rev 113:5194–5261PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Wang G, He Y, Wang H (2015c) A cellulose sponge with robust superhydrophilicity and under-water superoleophobicity for highly effective oil/water separation. Green Chem 17:3093–3099CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Wang B, Liang W, Guo Z, Liu W (2015a) Biomimetic super-lyophobic and super-lyophilic materials applied for oil/water separation: a new strategy beyond nature. Chem Soc Rev 44:336–361PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Wang E, Wang H, Liu Z (2015b) One-step fabrication of a nickel foam-based superhydrophobic and superoleophilic box for continuous oil–water separation. J Mater Sci 50:4707–4716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Wang H, Zhou H, Niu H (2015d) Dual-layer superamphiphobic/superhydrophobic-oleophilic nanofibrous membranes with unidirectional oil-transport ability and strengthened oil-water separation performance. Adv Mater Interfaces 2:1400506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Wenzel RN (1936) Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water. Ind Eng Chem 28:988–994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Wu L, Li L, Li B (2015) Magnetic, durable, and superhydrophobic polyurethane@Fe3O4@SiO2@fluoropolymer sponges for selective oil absorption and oil/water separation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:4936–4946PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Wu L, Zhang J, Li B, Wang A (2014) Mechanical- and oil-durable superhydrophobic polyester materials for selective oil absorption and oil/water separation. J Colloid Interface Sci 413:112–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Xiu Y, Hess DW, Wong CP (2008) UV and thermally stable superhydrophobic coatings from sol-gel processing. J Colloid Interface Sci 326:465–470PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Xue Z, Cao Y, Liu N (2014) Special wettable materials for oil/water separation. J Mater Chem A 2:2445–2460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Xue Z, Sun Z, Cao Y (2013) Superoleophilic and superhydrophobic biodegradable material with porous structures for oil absorption and oil-water separation. RSC Adv 3:23432–23437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Yadav R, Zachariah S, Balasubramanian K (2016) Thermally stable transparent hydrophobic bio-mimetic dual scale spherulites coating by spray deposition. Adv Sci Eng Med 8:181–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Yu L, Hao G, Xiao L (2017a) Robust magnetic polystyrene foam for high efficiency and removal oil from water surface. Sep Purif Technol 173:121–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Yu Z, Yun FF, Gong Z (2017b) A novel reusable superhydrophilic NiO/Ni mesh produced by a facile fabrication method for superior oil/water separation. J Mater Chem A 5:10821–10826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Zhang J, Seeger S (2011) Polyester materials with superwetting silicone nanofilaments for oil/water separation and selective oil absorption. Adv Funct Mater 21:4699–4704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Zhou H, Wang H, Niu H, Lin T (2013) Superphobicity/philicity janus fabrics with switchable, spontaneous, directional transport ability to water and oil fluids. Sci Rep 3:2964PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prakash M. Gore
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anukrishna Purushothaman
    • 3
  • Minoo Naebe
    • 2
  • Xungai Wang
    • 2
  • Balasubramanian Kandasubramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Nano Surface Texturing Lab, Department of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, DIAT (DU)Ministry of DefencePune, GirinagarIndia
  2. 2.Institute for Frontier MaterialsDeakin UniversityGeelongAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Biopolymer Science and TechnologyCentral Institute of Plastics Engineering and TechnologyEloor, Udyogmandal, KochiIndia

Personalised recommendations