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Nanobioremediation: An Innovative Approach to Fluoride (F) Contamination

  • Neha Singh
  • Suphiya Khan
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Fluoride (F) is the 13th most commonly found compound in the earth’s crust and occurs naturally in soil, water, and air. It is a crucial component of human health in minute quantities as it helps in the formation of tooth enamel and bone. However, according to World Health Organization guidelines, the permissible limit of F uptake is 1.5 mg/L; above this limit it causes severe diseases. For remediation, several conventional technologies have been developed, such as phytoremediation, electrokinetic systems, excavation, adsorption, reverse osmosis, and landfills. Nanobioremediation is a technique for removing pollutants from contaminated sites, using plants, microbes, etc., with the help of nanotechnology. Thus, certain nanomaterials—such as carbon-based nanomaterials, nanoscale iron nanoparticles, and graphene-based nanomaterials—seem to be more promising than most nanomaterials because of their high reactivity and adsorption capacity for F remediation.

Keywords

Adsorption Carbon-based nanomaterials Graphene-based nanomaterials Nanoscale iron nanoparticles Nanobioremediation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), India, for providing financial assistance for the research project “Center for Excellence (CoE)—Water and Energy.” The authors are deeply grateful to Prof. Aditya Shastri for providing research amenities and the Bioinformatics Centre, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan (India), for use of computational facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neha Singh
    • 1
  • Suphiya Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and BiotechnologyBanasthali Vidyapith TonkIndia

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