Advertisement

South Korea

  • Geumchan HwangEmail author
  • Kyu-soo Chung
Chapter
Part of the Sports Economics, Management and Policy book series (SEMP, volume 15)

Abstract

South Korea has a long history of volunteering, one that is based on the traditional spirit of mutual goodness among Korean neighborhoods. It was early in the 1900s that Korea was introduced to the concept and activities of Western volunteering through the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA). In the 1960s, volunteering was widely promoted by the Red Cross. In 1988, the sports volunteer spirit picked up great momentum across the country, thanks to the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games. In 2006, the Korean government passed the Framework Act on Volunteer Service Activities (FAVSA). Therein, volunteering is defined as “an activity performed by an individual or organization for the benefit of community, country, and human society for nothing in return” (Volunteering Korea, 2018). Sports organizations, however, differ in how they perceive the concept of volunteering. Rather than focusing on public interest, sports organizations perceive volunteer efforts as a marketing vehicle that benefits the organization. The number of volunteers in South Korea has continually increased; as of April 2018, Korea had 12,478,314 people registered as volunteers (male, 5,367,855; female, 7,110,459; Ministry of the Interior and Safety, 2018). The sports volunteering system in South Korea has developed in recent decades along two main streams: (1) hosting large-scale sport events and (2) sports for all. However, the current policy of sports volunteering has several limitations. It is necessary to develop a long-term plan to improve the impact of sports volunteering in Korean society.

References

  1. Ahn, C. W. (2011). The dynamics of Korean civil society’s volunteerism and sports volunteering activities. http://www.dcollection.net/handler/knsu/000000004371. Accessed 17.08.2018.
  2. Cho, M. J., & Kwon, M. H. (2011). Relationship between sport volunteerism and social capital of university students. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 50(5), 139–150.Google Scholar
  3. Fairley, S., Lee, Y., Green, B. C., & Kim, M. (2013). Considering cultural influences in volunteer satisfaction and commitment. Event Management, 17(4), 337–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Formula One International Car Racing Organizing Committee. (2011). A volunteer operation plan for successful hosting 2011 Korean Grand Prix. http://ycg.kr/assets/download/file/?781aa06363274eff8b977ca7291df185. Accessed 17.08.2018.
  5. Getz, D. (2005). Event management & event tourism (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Cognizant Communication Corporation.Google Scholar
  6. Incheon Asian Games Organizing Committee. (2014). http://www.incheon2014ag.org. Accessed 21.08.2018.
  7. International Center for Not-for-Profit Law. (2010). The legal framework for volunteerism: Ten years after international year of volunteers 2001. Global Trends in NGO Law, 2, 1.Google Scholar
  8. Jeong, H. J., & Lee, J. Y. (2009). Volunteer status and activation plan in physical education field. Journal of Korean Society of Sport Policy, 10(14), 143–160.Google Scholar
  9. Jeong, J. S., Jo, M. J., & Chai, H. T. (2009). A study of recognition and reward factors on positiveness and durability of volunteer. Journal of Community Welfare, 28(28), 95–112.Google Scholar
  10. KBO (KBO league regulations). 2017. https://www.koreabaseball.com/file/ebook/pdf/2017. Accessed 15.08.2018.
  11. Kim, G. Y., & Jang, D. S. (1999). Theoretical model test on sport volunteers’ level of need and commitment. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 38(4), 851–858.Google Scholar
  12. Kim, H. (1999). A study on the voluntary service activation plan in a local community. http://www.vkorea.or.kr/. Accessed 19.08.2018.
  13. Kim, J. H. (2014). The influence of volunteer motivation, education/training, recognition/reward on behavioral intentions. Korean Journal of Hotel Administration, 23(4), 129–145.Google Scholar
  14. Kim, Y. S. (2005). A study on activation of youth volunteer services. https://dspace.inha.ac.kr/bitstream/10505/16588/1/16844.pdf. Accessed 21.08.2018.
  15. Ko, S. H. (2003). The community theoretical approach about activation of voluntary action. http://www.vkorea.or.kr/files/board.12/. Accessed 21.08.2018.
  16. Korea Council of Sport for All. (2014). Sport for all volunteer group manual. https://csv.culture.go.kr/cmm/fms/FileDown.do?atchFileId. Accessed 21.08.2018.
  17. Korea Institute of Sport Science. (2015). 2013 sport white paper. https://www.sports.re.kr/front/board/bs/boardView.do?menu_seq=597&board_seq=47&con_seq=1370. Accessed 23.08.2018.
  18. Lee, C. S., Lee, Y. H., Nam, S. H., & Kim, J. H. (2016). An analysis of social and economic value of volunteers. https://www.kihasa.re.kr/common/filedown.do?seq=38211. Accessed 15.08.2018.
  19. Lee, J. Y., Nam, S. K., Han, K. L., & Lee, S. Y. (2010). Development of Korean sports voluntary service system. Korean Society for the Sociology of Sport, 23(4), 61–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ministry of the Interior and Safety. (2018a). 2018 April 1365 volunteer service system statistical results. http://www.mois.go.kr/cmm/fms/FileDown.do?atchFileId=FILE_00077448xVDsrp2&fileSn=0. Accessed 21.08.2018.
  21. Ministry of the Interior and Safety. (2018b). Volunteer participation rate (adult). http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=2718. Accessed 21.08.2018.
  22. Moon, S. H. (2001). Some controversial issues of current In-sung education from a viewpoint of Kantian moral philosophy. Journal of the New Korean Philosophical Association, 23, 93–133.Google Scholar
  23. National Archives of Korea. (1999). 2002 FIFA World Cup volunteer activation plan. http://theme.archives.go.kr/next/worldCup2009/archivesDetail.do?tabFlag=2&evntId=&archiveId=0001321250&page=3. Accessed 20.08.2018.
  24. Park, H. J., & Son, K. W. (2003). The study of service learning for improving the practice of community service - Focusing on the integration of community service into moral education. Asian Journal of Education, 4(3), 171–189.Google Scholar
  25. Park, J. H. (2015). The current situation and future issues of physical education and sports volunteering. Journal of Korean Society of Sport Policy, 13, 53–64.Google Scholar
  26. Park, J. H., Cho, K. H., & Jung, J. M. (2008). The test of a mediator effect between the willingness of re-participation for sport event volunteers and empowerment relating to person-task fit and person-organization fit. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 47(4), 173–186.Google Scholar
  27. Park, S. Y., & Chang, K. R. (2010). A study of the fit perceptions of corporate social responsibility by professional sport teams on sport fan attitudes and behavioral intentions. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 21(3), 1417–1430.Google Scholar
  28. So, J. S. (1999). A study on activity of sport volunteer. Korean Journal of Sports Science, 8(1), 267–276.Google Scholar
  29. Volunteer Korea Culture. (2016). Volunteer recognition rewards status and citizenship. http://volunteeringculture.or.kr/archives/12254. Accessed 18.08.2018.
  30. Volunteering Korea. (2018). Framework act on volunteer service activities. http://www.vkorea.or.kr/contents/english_3.html?sm=8_3. Accessed 14.08.2018.
  31. World Bank Group. (2017). Population. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL. Accessed 13.08.2018.
  32. World Population Review. (2018). South Korea population 2018. http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/south-korea-population/. Accessed 02.09.2018.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Performance and Health EducationWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA
  2. 2.Department of Exercise Science and Sport ManagementKennesaw State UniversityKennesawUSA

Personalised recommendations