Competition Law—A Rare Pleasure

  • Carl BaudenbacherEmail author
Part of the Springer Biographies book series (SPRINGERBIOGS)


According to Article 56 EEA, ESA has only limited competence in the field of competition law; but it does have competence. It is thus amazing that in over 24 years, ESA only took two decisions to impose fines, both for abuse of a dominant position. In the first case, Norway Post, the Authority on 16 March 2012 issued a fine of EUR 12.89 million. In the second case, Color Line, a sanction of EUR 18.811 million was imposed on 22 September 2010. While the Color Line decision went unchallenged, Norway Post elicited an action for annulment.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urumea AGSt. GallenSwitzerland

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