Advertisement

SWOT Analysis for the Introduction of Night Deliveries Policy in the Municipality of Thessaloniki

  • Efstathios BouhourasEmail author
  • Socrates Basbas
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 879)

Abstract

At the beginning of the 21st century, the European Commission has decided to set a primary objective, among other things, concerning transportation systems, and that is for them to become sustainable. In this aspect, City Logistics should be transformed from a link of the Supply Chain to an integrated and sustainable transport system by implementing innovative policies.

The Municipality of Thessaloniki, Greece, is ready to make an important step towards the achievement of the abovementioned objective, by implementing the policy of Night Deliveries. The proposed policy is based on a mixed - hybrid approach which includes the imposition of a ban on commercial vehicles exceeding 1,5 tons (and up to 8 tons) in weight inside the area of the Municipality of Thessaloniki during daytime. During this period, commercial vehicles under 1,5 tons weight will be allowed to deliver goods using only the dedicated, for this reason, parking lots. The commercial vehicles exceeding the above-mentioned weight will be allowed to deliver goods only during the night. Thus, the local authorities aim to reduce the externalities created by the City Logistics system and upgrading it to a sustainable one.

Within the framework of this paper, a SWOT analysis is carried out concerning the implementation of the specific policy. The existing infrastructure of dedicated parking lots for commercial vehicles is taken into account in the considerations of the Night Deliveries policy in the under study area. The paper makes use of the results of the respective research activities which are carried out in the Department of Transportation & Hydraulic Engineering, School of Rural & Surveying Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, during the last six (6) years.

Keywords

City logistics Night deliveries Urban distribution Sustainable transport SWOT analysis 

References

  1. 1.
    Ljubicic, H., Pavlovic, J.: Urban logistics systems and night goods delivery. In: 2nd Logistics International Conference, pp. 321–326. LOGIC, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Serbia (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dessau, H.: Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae, Berolini, apud Weidmannos. https://archive.org/details/inscriptioneslat01dessuoft. Accessed 07 Dec 2017
  3. 3.
    PIEK International. http://www.piek-international.com/english/. Accessed 07 Dec 2017
  4. 4.
    Transportation Research Board: Synthesis of Freight Research in Urban Transportation Planning, National Academies of Sciences©, Washington (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bertazzo, T., Hino, C., Lobao, T., Tacla, D., Yoshizaki, H.: Business case for night deliveries in the city of Sao Paulo during the 2014 World Cup. In: 9th International Conference on City Logistics, Transportaion Research Procedia, vol. 12, pp 533–543 (2015). ISSN 2352-1465Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marcucci, E., Gatta, V.: Investigating the potential for off-hour deliveries in the city of Rome: Retailer’s perceptions and stated reactions. Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract. 102, 142–156 (2017). ISSN 0965-8564Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Holguín-Veras, J., Marquis, R., Brom, M.: Economic impacts of staffed and unassisted off-hour deliveries in New York City. Procedia Soc. Behav. Sci. 39, 34–46 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Holguín-Veras, J., Wang (Cara), X., Sanchez-Diaz, I., Campbell, S., Hodge, D.S., Jaller, M., Wojtowicz, J.: Fostering unassisted off-hour deliveries: the role of incentives. Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract. 102, 172–187 (2017). ISSN 0965-8564Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mommens, K., Lebeau, P., Verlinde, S., van Lier, T., Macharis, C.: Evaluating the impact of off-hour deliveries; an application of the TRansport Agenta – BAsed model. Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ. 62, 102–111 (2018). ISSN 1361-9209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bouhouras, E.: Development of a methodological framework for the optimization of urban road freight transport systems based on their qualitative characteristics. Ph.D. thesis, School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Basbas, S., Bouhouras, E.: Sustainable mobility and goods distribution system: the case study of the central area of Thessaloniki. J. Environ. Prot. Ecol. 13(2), 535–552 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bouhouras, E., Basbas, S.: Urban road freight transport systems: questions and answers. In: 4th Transport Research Arena (TRA) Conference “Sustainable Mobility through Innovation”, Elsevier Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 48, pp. 2501–2512 (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bouhouras, E., Basbas, S.: Measures for the promotion of the sustainability in the sector of Urban Logistics. In: Proceedings of the 5th Environmental Conference of Macedonia, Thessaloniki (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kakarakis, S., Brozos, P., Strouboulis, A., Basbas, S., Bouhouras, Ε.: Evolution of the parking system characteristics for the commercial vehicles in the center of Thessaloniki. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Hellenic Geographical Society, Thessaloniki, pp. 1018–1023 (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bouhouras, E., Basbas, S.: Policies towards Sustainable City Logistics. The case of Thessaloniki. J. Environ. Prot. Ecol. (J.E.P.E.) (2), 417–423 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Council of Municipality of Thessaloniki, Decision Number 125. https://thessaloniki.gr/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/orario-fortosis.pdf. Accessed 21 Dec 2017
  17. 17.
    Nathanail, E., Adamos, G., Gogas, M.: A novel approach for assessing sustainable city logistics. In: WCTR 2016, Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 25, pp 1036–1045 (2017). ISSN 2352-1465Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Transportation Planning, Transportation Engineering and Highway Engineering, Department of Transportation and Hydraulic Engineering, School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations