SWOT Analysis for the Introduction of Night Deliveries Policy in the Municipality of Thessaloniki
At the beginning of the 21st century, the European Commission has decided to set a primary objective, among other things, concerning transportation systems, and that is for them to become sustainable. In this aspect, City Logistics should be transformed from a link of the Supply Chain to an integrated and sustainable transport system by implementing innovative policies.
The Municipality of Thessaloniki, Greece, is ready to make an important step towards the achievement of the abovementioned objective, by implementing the policy of Night Deliveries. The proposed policy is based on a mixed - hybrid approach which includes the imposition of a ban on commercial vehicles exceeding 1,5 tons (and up to 8 tons) in weight inside the area of the Municipality of Thessaloniki during daytime. During this period, commercial vehicles under 1,5 tons weight will be allowed to deliver goods using only the dedicated, for this reason, parking lots. The commercial vehicles exceeding the above-mentioned weight will be allowed to deliver goods only during the night. Thus, the local authorities aim to reduce the externalities created by the City Logistics system and upgrading it to a sustainable one.
Within the framework of this paper, a SWOT analysis is carried out concerning the implementation of the specific policy. The existing infrastructure of dedicated parking lots for commercial vehicles is taken into account in the considerations of the Night Deliveries policy in the under study area. The paper makes use of the results of the respective research activities which are carried out in the Department of Transportation & Hydraulic Engineering, School of Rural & Surveying Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, during the last six (6) years.
KeywordsCity logistics Night deliveries Urban distribution Sustainable transport SWOT analysis
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