Advertisement

Measuring Spatial Accessibility of Public Transport: The Case of the New Urban Rail Systems in the City of Thessaloniki, Greece

  • Ioannis Baraklianos
  • Konstandina Karagouni
  • Apostolos PapagiannakisEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 879)

Abstract

This paper aims to evaluate the level of spatial accessibility of the new urban rail systems in the city of Thessaloniki, that is the metropolitan network under construction by Attiko Metro S.A. and the proposed tramway lines by Thessaloniki Public Transport Authority. Accessibility measures constitute a suitable planning tool for assessing the spatial impacts of transport scenarios, the transport networks connectivity and the land use transport interactions. In this research, location-based measures were applied, such as the integral, the isochronic and the potential accessibility indicators. The 2011 population census data in reference to the city block level and the origin-destination travel time data between the 68 future urban rail stations (simulated by GIS software) were used to calculate the relevant indicators. Thus, population accessibility was measured rather than opportunity accessibility, which is the usual research practice, due to the lack of adequate employment or land use data at the city block level. Nevertheless, the results can be interpreted as the potential attractiveness of the new urban rail stations. The analysis outlines the connectivity weaknesses of the proposed Metro and Tram system and therefore the direction for possible improvements on the urban rail network spatial coverage.

Keywords

Accessibility measures Transport planning Urban railway systems Public transport Thessaloniki 

References

  1. 1.
    Geurs, K., van Wee, B.: Accessibility evaluation of land-use and transport strategies: review and research directions. J. Transp. Geogr. 12, 127–140 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gulhan, G., Ceylan, H., Özuysal, M., Ceylan, H.: Impact of utility-based accessibility measures on urban public transportation planning: a case study of Denizli, Turkey. Cities 32, 102–112 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hansen, W.: Accessibility and residential growth. MSc. Thesis, Department of City and Regional Planning MIT, Massachusetts (1959)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Halden, D., Evans, G.: Is accessibility planning delivering transport change? In: Scottish Transport Applications and Research Conference, e-Proceedings, Glasgow (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bhat, C., Handy, S., Kockelman, K., Mahmassani, H., Chen, Q., Weston, L.: Urban accessibility index: a literature review, Research report Number 7-4937-1, Center for transportation research, Texas (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Handy, S., Niemeier, D.: Measuring accessibility: an exploration of issues and alternatives. Environ. Plan. A 29, 1175–1194 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Silva, C.: Bridging the implementation gap of accessibility instruments and planning support systems. Transp. Res. Part A Policy Pract. 104, 67–69 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    El-Geneidy, A., Cerdá, A., Fischler, R., Luka, N.: Evaluating the impacts of transportation plans using accessibility measures. Canad. J. Urban Res. 20(1), 6–19 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Thessaloniki Public Transport Authority (Pyrgidis, Ch., sc. resp.): Investigation for the implementation of a tramway network in the city of Thessaloniki, Technical report (2013, in Greek)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hellenic Statistical Authority. http://www.statistics.gr/
  11. 11.
    Papagiannakis, A., Baraklianos, I., Spyridonidou, A.: Urban travel behaviour and household income in times of economic crisis: challenges and perspectives for sustainable mobility. Transp. Policy 65, 51–60 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.12.006
  12. 12.
    Bouzouina, L., Delgado, C., Emmerich, G.: Inequality of job accessibility by urban public transport: two decades of evolution in the Lyon suburbs. Revue d’économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, pp. 81–104 (2011).  https://doi.org/10.3917/reru.141.0033
  13. 13.
    ATTIKO METRO S.A. http://www.ametro.gr/
  14. 14.
    Geurs, K., Krizek, K., Reggiani, A. (eds.): Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning: Challenges for Europe and North America. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Cheltenham (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ingram, D.: The concept of accessibility: a search for an operational form. Reg. Stud. 5, 101–107 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Papa, E., Coppola, P.: Gravity-based accessibility measures for integrated transport-land use planning. In: Hull, A., Silva, C., Bertolini, L. (eds.) Accessibility Instruments for Planning Practice, pp. 117–124. COST Office (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis Baraklianos
    • 1
  • Konstandina Karagouni
    • 2
  • Apostolos Papagiannakis
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Transport Urban Planning Economics LaboratoryENTPELyonFrance
  2. 2.School of Spatial Planning and DevelopmentAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations