Operating Resilience of Severely Disrupted Urban Transport Systems

  • Sofia Bouki
  • Efthymia Apostolopoulou
  • Anna Anastasaki
  • Alexandros DeloukasEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 879)


A disruption to Athens metro service due to simultaneous malevolent attacks in metro lines 2 and 3 is examined in this paper. The directly impacted area is part of the metro network outside the central metro ring defined by interchange stations Syntagma, Monastiraki, Omonia and Attiki, where detours are not possible. The area covers metro sections in the western part of Athens where the population is more transit dependent. The Strategic Transport Model of Attiko Metro (AM) has been used to assess the consequences in case no alternative transport is provided and in case of bus bridging provision.


Resilience Bus bridging Metro disruption Multi-modality 



This work has been supported by the RESOLUTE project and has been funded within the European Commission’s H2020 Programme under contract number 653460. This paper expresses the opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the European Commission. The European Commission is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained in this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sofia Bouki
    • 1
  • Efthymia Apostolopoulou
    • 1
  • Anna Anastasaki
    • 1
  • Alexandros Deloukas
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Attiko MetroAthensGreece

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