Electrification of Public Transport: Lessons from the ELIPTIC Project
ELIPTIC (2015–2018) is a project funded by the European Commission to develop 20 new concepts to demonstrate that the further take-up of electric vehicles can be done in a cost-efficient way, with tangible effects on the urban environment. The concepts are divided into three thematic pillars: (i) safe integration of electric buses using existing electric public transport infra-structure; (ii) innovative energy storage systems to increase operational efficiency, and (iii) multi-purpose use of electric public transport infrastructure.
ELIPTIC deploys such new concepts on eleven use cases across Europe and the outcomes are independently assessed according to a methodology specifically designed to deal with the two different types of case studies: demonstrators, assessed via a direct before-vs-during comparison of performance and feasibility studies, assessed via a dedicated SWOT analysis. ELIPTIC also relies on a User Forum involving public transport practitioners who assist in the development of the project. The assessment also includes a transferability exercise. The paper describes the ELIPTIC concepts under test and the assessment methodology, along with the outcomes from the assessment procedure, cross-revised with the feedback from the User Forum participants. To conclude, recommendations for the upscaling of electrification of public transit across Europe are drawn.
KeywordsPublic transport Electromobility ELIPTIC
ELIPTIC project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N° 636012. The authors wish to thank all the participants in ELIPTIC.
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