Traffic Noise Reduction and Sustainable Transportation: A Case Survey in the Cities of Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece

  • Vassilios Profillidis
  • George Botzoris
  • Athanasios GalanisEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 879)


The paper examines the relationship between sustainable transportation and the reduction of perceived traffic noise levels in the cities of Athens and Thessaloniki. The research was based on a questionnaire survey conducted on a random sample of 490 participants through personal interviews in the year 2016 (271 in Athens and 219 in Thessaloniki). The questionnaire was formed of 18 questions divided into two parts. In the first part (questions 1÷6), the participants stated their demographic data and personal income comparing the years 2008 (before the economic crisis in Greece) and the year 2016 (crisis in progress). In the second part (questions 7÷18), the participants stated the change of traffic noise levels comparing the years 2008 and 2016, the influence of traffic noise in route and transport mode choice and their willingness to increase walking and bicycling due to reduction of traffic noise. Furthermore, they stated the perceived level of traffic noise in the street they resident during day and night time, their awareness of traffic noise negative impacts on public health and their willingness to change their residential area for a quieter but more expensive one. Moreover, they stated their awareness of the sustainable transport modes positive impacts in traffic noise reduction and their willingness to pay an additional tax in order to fund relative sustainable transportation and traffic noise reduction projects in their cities. The present economic crisis in Greece can be an opportunity to change the commuters travel behavior and promote sustainable transportation.


Road traffic noise Sustainable transportation Transport mode choice Route selection Survey 


  1. 1.
    World Health Organization: United Nations Road Safety Collaboration: A Handbook of Partner Profiles, Geneva (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vogiatzis, K.: Strategic environmental noise mapping & action plans in Athens ring road (Attiki Odos) – Greece. WSEAS Trans. Environ. Dev. 7(10), 315–324 (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe: Burden of Disease from Environmental Noise. Quantification of Healthy Life Years Lost in Europe (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    European Environmental Agency – Noise Homepage. Accessed 22 Jan 2018
  5. 5.
    Directive 2002/49/EC of the European parliament and of the council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise. Official Journal of the European Communities (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moudon, A.V.: Real noise from the urban environment: how ambient community noise affects health and what can be done about it. Am. J. Prev. Med. 37(2), 167–171 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    United States Environmental protection agency: Noise Effects Handbook: A Desk Reference to Health and Welfare Effects from Noise. EPA 550-9-82-106. Washington, D.C. (1981)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Geerlings, H., Stead, D.: The integration of land use planning, transport and environment in European policy and research. Transp. Policy 10, 187–196 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sheng, N., Tang, U.W.: Spatial analysis of urban form and pedestrian exposure to traffic noise. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, 1977–1990 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moragues, A., Alcaide, T.: The use of geographical information system to access the effect of traffic pollution. Sci. Total Environ. 189–190, 267–273 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Paviotti, M., Vogiatzis, K.: On the outdoor annoyance from scooter and motorbike noise in the urban environment. Sci. Total Environ. 430, 223–230 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Profillidis, V.A., Botzoris, G.N., Galanis, A.T.: Environmental effects and externalities from the transport sector and sustainable transportation planning: a review. Int. J. Energy Econ. Policy 4(4), 647–661 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kouroussis, G., Conti, C., Verlinden, O.: Experimental study of ground vibrations induced by Brussels IC/IR trains in their neighbourhood. Mech. Ind. 14(2), 99–105 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vogiatzis, K.: Environmental ground borne noise and vibration protection of sensitive cultural receptors along the Athens Metro Extension to Piraeus. Sci. Total Environ. 439, 230–237 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kouroussis, G., Pauwels, N., Brux, P., Conti, C., Verlinden, O.: A numerical analysis of the influence of tram characteristics and rail profile on railway traffic ground-borne noise and vibration in the Brussels region. Sci. Total Environ. 482, 452–460 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kouroussis, G., Connolly, D.P., Verlinden, O.: Railway-induced ground vibrations – a review of vehicle effects. Int. J. Rail Transp. 2(2), 69–110 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mohammadi, G.H.: An investigation of community response to urban traffic noise. Iran. J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng. 6(2), 137–142 (2009)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zannin, P.H.T., Calixto, A., Diniz, F.B., Ferreira, J.A.C.: A survey of urban noise annoyance in a large Brazilian city: the importance of a subjective analysis in conjunction with an objective analysis. Environ. Impact Assess. Rev. 23, 245–255 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Piccolo, A., Plutino, D., Cannistraro, G.: Evaluation and analysis in conjunction with an objective analysis. Environ. Impact Assess. Rev. 23, 245–255 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Galanis, A., Eliou, N.: Development and implementation of an audit tool for the pedestrian built environment. Procedia-Soc. Behav. Sci. 48, 3143–3152 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Botzoris, G., Galanis, A., Profillidis, V., Eliou, N.: Commuters perspective on urban public transport system service quality. WSEAS Trans. Environ. Dev. 11, 182–192 (2015)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Botzoris, G., Profillidis, V., Galanis, A.: Teleworking and sustainable transportation in the era of economic crisis. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Virtual Conference on Informatics and Management Sciences, pp. 25–29. Žilina, Slovakia, 21–25 March (2016)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Eliou, N., Galanis, A., Proios, A.: Evaluation of the bikeability of a Greek city: case study “City of Volos”. WSEAS Trans. Environ. Dev. 5(8), 545–555 (2009)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Galanis, A., Eliou, N.: Bicyclists’ braking profile on typical urban road pavements. WSEAS Trans. Environ. Dev. 7(5), 146–155 (2011)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Galanis, A., Papanikolaou, A., Eliou, N.: Bikeability audit in urban road environment: Case study in the city of Volos – Greece. Int. J. Oper. Res. Inf. Syst. 5(2), 21–39 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringDemocritus University of ThraceXanthiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering and Surveying Engineering and GeoinformaticsTechnological Educational Institute of Central MacedoniaSerresGreece

Personalised recommendations