Impact of Critical Variables on Economic Viability of Converted Diesel City Bus into Electric Bus

  • Kristine Malnaca
  • Irina Yatskiv (Jackiva)Email author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 879)


Through the European Strategy for low-emission MOBILITY of 2016, the European Commission is working to strengthen the economy by promoting sustainable urban mobility and increased use of clean and energy efficient vehicles and looking into how to accelerate this process. Cities are crucial for the delivery of this strategy, and electrification of buses is a step towards reducing the fossil fuel dependency of the transportation sector as well as creation of a healthier urban environment.

At the same time electric buses are still a challenge for public transport operators due to high acquisition costs of a new vehicle and lack of charging infrastructure. Therefore, conversion of diesel city bus into electric bus is one of the alternatives considered. Economic viability of converted diesel bus into electric bus can be parameterized using an economic model that allows to estimate an impact of critical variables on the total cost of ownership.

In this paper, a specific case of operating converted diesel bus into electric bus in a city of Latvia is analyzed. With the help of economic model, critical variables are determined as well as their switching values, which make the use of converted diesel engine bus into an electric vehicle economically viable. It can be used to support decision-making process of public transport stakeholders in the context of the deployment of environmentally friendly public transport.


Low-emission Electric bus Converted diesel bus Economic analysis Total cost of ownership Sensitivity analysis 



The paper is based on the research that has been conducted in the framework of the project No ‘Development of economically justified technology of conversion of the traditional diesel city bus into the environmentally friendly electrobus’ funded from the ERDF, and was financially supported by the ALLIANCE Project (GA no.: 692426) funded under European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.JSC FerrusRigaLatvia
  2. 2.Transport and Telecommunication InstituteRigaLatvia

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