Urban Form and Transportation Infrastructure in European Cities
In this paper data from the 2006 Urban Atlas are used to analyze the relationship between urban form and the length of the road network. Urban Atlas includes information on the land use in every city block of the 305 largest cities in EU. The length of the road network (highways, other roads) is estimated from the UA data and road availability indicators are introduced. Various urban form characteristics are estimated from the UA and reported for 5 different European regions (UK & Ireland, Scandinavia, Central Europe, East Europe and South/Mediterranean countries) and 5 different city size groups. Urban form characteristics and population densities differences are reflected in the road availability indicators. The results of a correlation analysis between road availability indicators and the various urban form characteristics are reported. A regression analysis is performed and the results show that the road indicators are a function of urban form characteristics.
KeywordsUrban form Transportation infrastructure Built up densities European cities Urban Atlas
The research reported in this paper was funded by the PEΡΑΝ project of the KRIPIS ΙΙ Action of the Greek Secretariat for Research and Technology. The KRIPIS ΙΙ action was funded by the Greek government and the European Regional Development Fund of the European Community under the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF) and the Operational Program “Competitiveness and Entrepreneurship”.
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