Concluding Thoughts

  • Hanna Lempinen


In the concluding chapter of the book, Lempinen highlights the problematic ways in which energy and its social sustainability are understood in Arctic sustainability science. While consumption concerns, regional energy security, and renewable energy alternatives are inserting themselves into the regional energy agenda, energy is still framed first and foremost as driving sustainable regional development. Here, the author highlights how constructing energy as an independent “driver” places energy more in the realms of natural science and technology than in the realms of societal discussion and debate. The conclusions also draw attention to the “regionalized” articulations of sustainability that are characteristic of the assessments and reports, largely reduced to mediating social impacts within the Arctic region, and with scant attention to the global implications of regional energy development.


Arctic energy Climate change Fossil sustainabilities Regional development Social sustainability 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanna Lempinen
    • 1
  1. 1.Aleksanteri InstituteUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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