The Politics of Energy and Sustainability

  • Hanna Lempinen


In this chapter, Lempinen unpacks the central concepts of energy and sustainability, and critically assesses the ways in which they are (ab)used in contemporary energy-related political parlance. Discussing northern energy beyond the production of oil and gas, the author constructs energy as a cultural artifact whose patterns of production and consumption shape societies, mentalities, and daily lives. Building on this broader understanding of what energy and its sustainability entail, Lempinen puts forward the concept of “energyscape” as a broad framework for conceptualizing energy-society affairs. With this, the author also highlights the inherently political nature of the notion of sustainability, analyzing its different articulations ranging from weak to strong, with special attention to the oxymoron of nonrenewable sustainabilities and the problematic nature of conceptualizing fossil-fueled development.


Concept of energy Energyscape Energy sustainability Fossil sustainabilities Politics of sustainability Sustainable development 


  1. Aalto, Pami, and Kirsten Westphal. 2008. Introduction. In EU–Russian Energy Dialogue: Europe’s Future Energy Security, ed. Pami Aalto, 1–21. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  2. Aalto, Pami, David Dusseault, Markku Kivinen, and Michael D. Kennedy. 2012. How are Russian energy policies formulated? Linking the actors and structures of energy policy. In Russia’s Energy Policies: National, International and Global Levels, ed. Pami Aalto, 20–42. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aalto, Pami, David Dusseault, Michael D. Kennedy, and Markku Kivinen. 2013. Russia’s energy relations in Europe and the Far East: Towards a social structurationist model of energy policy formation. Journal of International Relations and Development 17 (1): 11–29.Google Scholar
  4. AES. 2010. The Arctic as an Emerging Energy Province: Arctic Energy Summit Final Report and Technical Proceedings. Anchorage: Institute of the North.Google Scholar
  5. AES. 2015. Security and Affordability for a Resilient North: 2015 Arctic Energy Summit Executive Summary.Google Scholar
  6. AHDR. 2015. Arctic Human Development Report II: Regional Processes and Global Linkages. Akureyri: Stefansson Arctic Institute.Google Scholar
  7. AMAP. 2010. Arctic Oil and Gas Activities: Effects and Potential Effects. Oslo, Norway: Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme.Google Scholar
  8. Appadurai, Arjun. 1996. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis, London: Minnesota University Press. Google Scholar
  9. Aquilera-Klink, Fererico, Eduardo Pérez-Moriana, and Juan Sánchez-García. 2000. The social construction of scarcity: The case of Tenerifé (Canary Islands). Environmental Economics 34: 233–245.Google Scholar
  10. AREA. 2017. Arctic Renewable Energy Atlas project presentation. Accessed 10 Apr 2017.
  11. AREA. 2018. Arctic Renewable Energy Atlas. Accessed 10 Mar 2018.
  12. Bakker, Karen, and Gavin Bridge. 2006. Material worlds? Resource geographies and the ‘matter of nature’. Progress in Human Geography 30 (1): 5–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Banerjee, Subhabrata Bobby. 2008. Corporate social responsibility: The good, the bad and the ugly. Critical Sociology 34 (1): 51–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Banul, Karolina. 2012. Mapping renewable energy policies in the Barents Region from a multi-level governance perspective. In Politics of Development in the Barents Region, ed. Monica Tennberg, 265–297. Rovaniemi: Lapland University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Bartiaux, Francoise, Nathalie Frogneux, and Olivier Servais. 2011. Energy “needs”, desires and wishes: Anthropological insights and prospective views. In Energy, Sustainability and the Environment: Technology, Incentives, Behavior, ed. Fedeiron P. Sioshans, 63–87. Boston: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bazilian, Morgan, Smita Nakhooda, and Thijs Van de Graaf. 2014. Energy governance and poverty. Energy Research & Social Science 1: 217–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bent, Robert, Randall Baker, and Lloyd Orr. 2002. Introduction. In Energy: Science, Policy, and the Pursuit of Sustainability, ed. Robert Bent, Randall Baker, and Lloyd Orr, 1–10. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  18. Bertelsen, Rasmus Gjedssø, Jens Christian Justinussen, and Coco Smits. 2015. Energy as a developmental strategy: Creating knowledge-based energy sectors in Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. In Handbook of the Politics of the Arctic, ed. Leif Christian Jensen and Geir Hønneland, 3–25. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  19. Boardman, Brenda. 1991. Fuel Poverty. London: Belhaven Press.Google Scholar
  20. Bouzarovski, Stefan, and Mark Bassin. 2011. Energy and identity: Imagining Russia as a hydrocarbon superpower. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101 (4): 783–794.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bouzarovski, Stefan, and Saska Petrova. 2015. A global perspective on domestic energy deprivation: Overcoming the energy poverty–fuel poverty binary. Energy Research & Social Science 10: 31–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bradshaw, Michael. 2014. Global Energy Dilemmas: Energy Security, Globalization and Climate Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  23. Bridge, Gavin. 2009. Material worlds: Natural resources, resource geography and the material economy. Geography Compass 3 (3): 1217–1244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Bridge, Gavin. 2011. Past peak oil: Political economy of energy crises. In Global Political Ecology, ed. Richard Peet, Paul Robbins, and Michael Watts, 307–324. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Budd, John M. 2007. Information, analysis and ideology: A case study of science and the public interest. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 58 (14): 2366–2371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Carson, Rachel. 1962. Silent Spring. New York: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  27. Chester, Lynne. 2010. Conceptualising energy security and making explicit its polysemic nature. Energy Policy 38 (2): 887–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ciutâ, Felix. 2010. Conceptual notes on energy security: Total or banal security? Security Dialogue 41 (2): 123–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Clarke, Adele E. 2005. Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn. Thousand Oaks: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Dale, Brigt, and Berit Kristoferssen. 2016. Imagining a postpetroleum Arctic. Cultural Anthropology Hot Spots: Arctic Abstractive Industries. Accessed 20 Aug 2016.
  31. Daly, Herman E. 1996. Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  32. Davidson, Kathryn M. 2011. Reporting systems for sustainability: What are they measuring? Social Indicators Research 100 (2): 351–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Desbiens, Caroline. 2013. Power from the North: Territory, Identity, and the Culture of Hydroelectricity in Quebec. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar
  34. Di Muzio, Tim, and Jesse Salah Ovadia. 2016. Energy, capitalism and world order in IPE. In Energy, Capitalism and World Order: Toward a New Agenda in International Political Economy, ed. Tim Di Muzio and Jesse Salah Ovadia, 1–19. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  35. Dryzek, John S. 1997. Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
  36. Dryzek, John S., David Downes, Christian Hunold, David Schlosberg, and Hans-Kristian Hernes. 2003. Green States and Social Movements: Environmentalism in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Norway. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
  37. ECONOR. 2006. The Economy of the North, ed. Solveig Glomsrød and Iulie Aslaksen. Oslo: Statistics Norway.Google Scholar
  38. ECONOR. 2015. The Economy of the North III, ed. Solveig Glomsrød, Gerald Duhaime, and Iulie Aslaksen. Oslo: Statistics Norway.Google Scholar
  39. Epple, Moritz, and Claus Zittel (eds.). 2014. Science as Cultural Practice: Cultures and Politics of Research from the Early Modern Period to the Age of Extremes. Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
  40. Fast, Stewart. 2013. Social acceptance of renewable energy: Trends, concepts, and geographies. Geography Compass 7 (12): 853–866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ferry, Elizabeth. 2016. Gold prices as material-social actors: The case of the London Gold Fix. The Extractive Industries and Society 3: 82–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Financial Times. 2008. Deep freeze entices energy hungry world, July 27. Accessed 12 Aug 2015.
  43. Fischhendler, Itay, Danial Nathan, and Dror Boymel. 2015. Marketing renewable energy through geopolitics: Solar farms in Israel. Global Environmental Politics 15 (2): 98–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Fitzgerald, Jenrose. 2012. The messy politics of “clean coal”: The shaping of a contested term in Appalachia’s energy debate. Organization & Environment 25: 437–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Fondahl, Gail, and Gary N. Wilson. 2017. Exploring sustainabilities in the circumpolar north. In Northern Sustainabilities: Understanding and Addressing Change in the Circumpolar World, ed. Gail Fondahl and Gary N. Wilson, 1–12. Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Freudenburg, William R. 1992. Addictive economies: Extractive industries and vulnerable localities in a changing world economy. Rural Sociology 57 (3): 305–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Freudenburg, William R., Robert Gramling, and Debra J. Davidson. 2008. Scientific certainty argumentation methods (SCAMs): Science and the politics of doubt. Sociological Inquiry 78 (1): 2–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Gamborg, Christian, Helle Tegner Anker, and Peter Sandøe. 2014. Ethical and legal challenges in bioenergy governance: Coping with value disagreement and regulatory complexity. Energy Policy 69: 326–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Grundwald, Armin, and Christine Rösch. 2011. Sustainability assessment of energy technologies: Towards an integrative framework. Energy, Sustainability and Society 1 (3): 1–10.Google Scholar
  50. Haarstad, Håvard, and Tarje I. Wanvik. 2017. Carbonscapes and beyond: Conceptualizing the instability of oil landscapes. Progress in Human Geography 41 (4): 432–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Hajer, Maarten. 1995. The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar
  52. Hall, Charles, Pradeep Thakaran, John Hallock, Cutler Cleveland, and Michael Jefferson. 2003. Hydrocarbons and the evolution of human culture. Nature 426 (6964): 318–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Han Onn, Adam, and Alan Woodley. 2014. A discourse analysis on how the sustainability agenda is defined within the mining industry. Journal of Cleaner Production 84 (1): 116–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Hjerpe, Mattias, and Björn-Ola Linnér. 2009. Utopian and dystopian thought in climate science and policy. Futures 41: 234–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Holm, Arne O. 2015. Prologue. In Culture, Development and Petroleum: An Ethnography of the High North, ed. Jan-Oddvar Sørnes, Larry D. Browning, and Jan Terje Henriksen, xiv–xvii. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  56. Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild. 2017. Tensions between environmental, economic and energy security in the Arctic. In Northern Sustainabilities: Understanding and Addressing Change in the Circumpolar World, ed. Gail Fondahl and Gary N. Wilson, 35–46. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  57. Humrich, Cristoph. 2017. Sustainable development in Arctic international environmental cooperation and the governance of hydrocarbon-related activities. In Governance of Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas, ed. Cécile Pelaudeix and Ellen Margrethe Basse, 31–46. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  58. Kaisti, Hanna, and Mira Käkönen. 2012. Actors, interests and forces shaping the energyscape of the Mekong Region. Forum for Development Studies 39 (2): 147–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Kamminga, Menno R. 2008. The ethics of climate politics: Four modes of moral discourse. Environmental Politics 17 (4): 673–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kassel, Kerul. 2012. The circle of inclusion: Sustainability, CSR and the values that drive them. Journal of Human Values 18 (2): 133–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Keil, Kathrin. 2017. The Arctic in a global energy picture: International determinants of Arctic oil and gas development. In Governing Arctic Change: Global Perspectives, ed. Kathrin Keil and Sebastian Knecht, 279–299. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kristoferssen, Berit. 2014. Drilling Oil into Arctic Minds? State Security, Industry Consensus and Local Contestation. Troms: Troms University Press.Google Scholar
  63. Kristoferssen, Berit, and Brigt Dale. 2014. Post petroleum security in Lofoten: How identity matters. Arctic Review on Law and Politics 5 (2): 201–226.Google Scholar
  64. Kristoferssen, Berit, and Oluf Langhelle. 2017. Sustainable development as a global-Arctic matter: Imaginaries and controversies. In Governing Arctic Change: Global Perspectives, ed. Kathrin Keil and Sebastian Knecht, 21–41. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kuzemko, Caroline, Michael F. Keating, and Andreas Goldthau. 2018. Nexus-thinking in international political economy: What energy and natural resources scholarship can offer international political economy. In Handbook of International Political Economy of Energy and Natural Resources, ed. Andreas Goldthau, Michael F. Keating, and Caroline Kuzemko, 1–19. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  66. Laborgne, Pia. 2011. Energy sustainability: The role of small local communities. In Energy, Policy and the Environment: Modeling Sustainable Development for the North, ed. Marja Järvelä and Sirkku Juhola, 196–214. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  67. Lähde, Ville. 2015. Politics in a world of scarcity. In The Politics of Ecosocialism: Transforming Welfare, ed. Kaisa Bergnäs, Teppo Eskelinen, Johanna Perkiö, and Rikard Warlenius, 55–67. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  68. Langhelle, Oluf, Björn-Ture Blindheim, and Olaug Öygaarden. 2008. Framing oil and gas in the Arctic from a sustainable development perspective. In Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk? ed. Aslaug Mikkelsen and Oluf Langhelle, 15–44. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  69. Lawhon, Mary, and James T. Murphy. 2012. Socio-technical regimes and sustainability transitions: Insights from political ecology. Progress in Human Geography 36 (3): 354–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Lawrence, Rebecca. 2014. Internal colonisation and indigenous resource sovereignty: Wind power developments on traditional Saami lands. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 32: 1036–1053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Lempinen, Hanna. 2018, forthcoming. At the margins of the Barents energyscape. Barents Studies.Google Scholar
  72. Littlefield, Scott R. 2013. Security, independence and sustainability: Imprecise language and the manipulation of energy policy in the United States. Energy Policy 52 (1): 779–788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Luukkanen, Jyrki, Visa Tuominen, and Jarmo Vehmas. 2012. Scales and fields of electricity production: Sustainability discourses of electricity production in Cambodia and Laos. Forum for Development Studies 39 (2): 209–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. MacCauley, Darren, Raphael Heffron, Maria Pavlenko, Robert Rehner, and Ryan Holmes. 2016. Energy justice in the Arctic: Implications for energy infrastructural development in the Arctic. Energy Research & Social Science 16: 141–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Málovics, György, Noémi Nagypál Csignéné, and Sascha Kraus. 2008. The role of corporate social responsibility in strong sustainability. The Journal of Socio-economics 37: 907–918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. McCarthy, James. 2015. A socioecological fix to capitalist crisis and climate change? The possibilities and limits of renewable energy. Journal of Environment and Planning A 47: 2485–2502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Meadows, Donella, Gary Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and William W. Behrens III. 1972. The Limits to Growth. New York: Universe Books.Google Scholar
  78. Missimer, Merlina, Karl-Henrik Robèrt, Göran Broman, and Harald Sverdrup. 2010. Exploring the possibility of a systematic and generic approach to social sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production 18: 1107–1112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Mitchell, Timothy. 2009. Carbon democracy. Economy and Society 38 (3): 399–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Mitchell, John, Koji Morita, Norman Selley, and Jonathan Stern. 2001. The New Economy of Oil: Impacts on Businesses, Geopolitics and Society. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  81. Neumann, Cecile Basberg, and Iver B. Neumann. 2015. Uses of the self: Two ways of thinking about scholarly situatedness and method. Millennium: Journal of International Studies 43 (3): 798–819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Newberry, Derek. 2013. Energy affects: Proximity and distance in the production of expert knowledge about biofuel sustainability. In Cultures of Energy: Power, Practices and Technologies, ed. Sarah Strauss, Stephanie Rupp, and Thomas Love, 227–241. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
  83. Nilsson, Annika, and Nadezhda Filimonova. 2013. Russian interests in oil and gas resources in the Barents Sea. Stockholm Environment Institute Working Paper 2013: 5, Stockholm Environment Institute.Google Scholar
  84. Nobbs, Christopher. 2013. Economics, Sustainability and Democracy: Economics in the Era of Climate Change. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  85. Nussbaumer, Patrick, Morgan Bazilian, and Anthon Patt. 2013. A statistical analysis of the link between energy and the millennium development goals. Climate and Development 5 (2): 101–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Nuttall, Mark. 2010. Pipeline Dreams: People, Environment and the Arctic Energy Frontier. Copenhagen: IWGIA.Google Scholar
  87. Palonen, Kari. 1983. Politics as a dramatic action situation. In Exploring the Basis of Politics: Five Essays on the Politics of Experience, Language, Knowledge and History, ed. Ilkka Heiskanen and Sakari Hänninen, 15–33. Tampere: The Finnish Political Science Association.Google Scholar
  88. Petrov, Andrey N. 2017. Human capital and sustainable development in the Arctic: Towards intellectual and empirical framing. In Northern Sustainabilities: Understanding and Addressing Change in the Circumpolar World, ed. Gail Fondahl and Gary N. Wilson, 203–220. Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Petrov, Andrey N., F. Shauna BurnSilver, I.I.I. Stuart Chapin, Gail Fondahl, Jessica K. Graybill, Kathrin Keil, Annika E. Nilsson, Rudolf Riedlsperger, and Peter Schweitzer. 2017. Arctic Sustainability Research: Past, Present and Future. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Poelzer, Greg. 2016. Renewing indigenous relations through renewable energy: Lessons from northern Saskatchewan. In The Many Faces of Energy in the Arctic, ed. Gunhild Hoogensen-Gjørv, 26–28. Washington, DC: Jackson School of International Studies.Google Scholar
  91. Pram Gad, Ulrik, Uffe Jakobsen, and Jeppe Strandsbjerg. 2017. Politics of sustainability in the Arctic: A research agenda. In Northern Sustainabilities: Understanding and Addressing Change in the Circumpolar World, ed. Gail Fondahl and Gary N. Wilson, 13–23. Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Prno, Jason, and D. Scott Slocombe. 2012. Exploring the origins of ‘social licence to operate’ in the mining sector: Perspectives from governance and sustainability theories. Resources Policy 37: 346–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Prontera, Andrea. 2009. Energy policy: Concepts, actors, instruments and recent developments. World Political Science Review 5 (1): 1–30.Google Scholar
  94. Psaridikou, Katerina, and Bronislaw Szerszynski. 2012. Growing the social: Alternative agrofood networks and social sustainability in the urban ethical foodscape. Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy 8 (1): 30–39.Google Scholar
  95. Pyyhtinen, Olli. 2015. More-than-Human Sociology: A New Sociological Imagination. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  96. Rasmussen, Rasmus, and Johanna Roto (eds.). 2011. Megatrends. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers.Google Scholar
  97. Redclift, Michael. 2009. The environment and carbon dependence: Landscapes of sustainability and materiality. Current Sociology 57 (3): 369–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Robinson, John. 2004. Squaring the circle? Some thoughts on the idea of sustainable development. Ecological Economics 48 (4): 369–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Rüdiger, Mogens. 2008. Introduction. In Culture of Energy, ed. Mogens Rüdiger, vii–x. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  100. Ruostetsaari, Ilkka. 1998. Energiapolitiikka käännekohdassa: Järjestöt ja yritykset vaikuttajina vapautuvilla energiamarkkinoilla. University of Tampere Research Reports 8/1998.Google Scholar
  101. Rupp, Stephanie. 2013. Considering energy: E = mc2 = (magic * culture)2. In Cultures of Energy: Power, Practices, Technologies, ed. Sarah Strauss, Stephanie Rupp, and Thomas Love, 79–85. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
  102. Salminen, Antti, and Tere Vadén. 2013. Energia ja kokemus: Naftologinen essee. Tampere: Eurooppalaisen filosofian seura ry.Google Scholar
  103. Scrase, J. Ian, and David G. Ockwell. 2010. The role of discourse and linguistic framing in effects in sustaining high carbon energy policy: An accessible introduction. Energy Policy 38 (5): 2225–2233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Sengers, Frans, Rob P.J.M. Raven, and Alex Van Venrooij. 2010. From riches to rags: Biofuels, media discourses and resistance to sustainable energy technologies. Energy Policy 38: 5013–5027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Shields, Deborah J. 1998. Nonrenewable resources in economic, social, and environmental sustainability. Nonrenewable Resources 7 (4): 251–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Sidortsov, Roman. 2016. A perfect moment during imperfect times: Arctic energy research in a low-carbon era. Energy Research & Social Science 16: 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Simons, Herbert W. 1990. Preface. In The Rhetorical Turn: Invention and Persuasion in the Conduct of Inquiry, ed. Herbert W. Simons, vii–xii. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Google Scholar
  108. Sköld, Peter. 2017. Foreword. In Northern Sustainabilities: Understanding and Addressing Change in the Circumpolar World, ed. Gail Fondahl and Gary N. Wilson, v–vi. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  109. Sneddon, Christopher S. 2000. ‘Sustainability’ in ecological economics, ecology and livelihoods: A review. Progress in Human Geography 24 (4): 521–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Srivastava, Jayati. 2011. ‘Norm’ of sustainable development: Predicament and the problematique. India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs 67 (2): 93–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Stammler, Florian, and Emma Wilson. 2016. Beyond extractivism and alternative cosmologies: Arctic communities and extractive industries in uncertain times. The Extractive Industries and Society 3: 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Star, Susan Leigh. 2010. This is not a boundary object: Reflections on the origin of a concept. Science, Technology and Human Values 35 (5): 601–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Star, Susan Leigh, and James R. Griesemer. 1989. Institutional ecology, “translations” and boundary objects: Amateurs and professionals in Berkeley’s museum of vertebrate zoology, 1907–39. Social Studies of Science 19 (3): 387–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Stephenson, Janet, Barry Barton, Gerry Carrington, Adam Doering, Rebecca Ford, Debbie Hopkins, Rob Lawson, Alaric McCarthy, David Rees, Michelle Scott, Paul Thorsnes, Sara Walton, John Williams, and Ben Wooliscroft. 2015. The energy cultures framework: Exploring the role of norms, practices and material culture in shaping energy behaviour in New Zealand. Energy Research & Social Science 7: 117–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Stirling, Andy. 2014. Transforming power: Social science and the politics of energy choices. Energy Research & Social Science 1: 83–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Strauss, Hannah. 2011. For the Good of Society: Public Participation in the Siting of Nuclear and Hydro Power Projects in Finland. Tampere: Juvenes Print.Google Scholar
  117. Strauss, Sarah, Stephanie Rupp, and Thomas Love. 2013. Powerlines: Cultures of energy in the twenty-first century. In Cultures of Energy: Power, Practices and Technologies, ed. Sarah Strauss, Stephanie Rupp, and Thomas Love, 10–38. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
  118. Tester, Jefferson W., Elizabeth M. Drake, Michael J. Driscoll, Michael W. Golay, and William A. Peters. 2005. Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options. Cambridge: MIT.Google Scholar
  119. Väliverronen, Esa. 1994. Tiede ja ympäristöongelmat julkisuudessa. Tampere: Tampereen yliopiston tiedotusopin laitoksen julkaisuja A 83.Google Scholar
  120. Vallance, Suzanne, Harvey C. Perkins, and Jennifer E. Dixon. 2011. What is social sustainability? A clarification of concepts. Geoforum 42: 342–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Victor, Peter A. 2008. Managing Without Growth: Slower by Design, Not Disaster. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  122. WCED. 1987. Our common future. United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development. Accessed 15 July 2014.
  123. Wilson Rowe, Elana. 2016. The unbuilt environments of Arctic offshore oil and gas development. Cultural Anthropology Hot Spots: Arctic Abstractive Industries. Accessed 20 Aug 2016.

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanna Lempinen
    • 1
  1. 1.Aleksanteri InstituteUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations