The Effect of Ceramic Application in Design of Ceramic-Based Plasters

  • M. ČáchováEmail author
  • L. Scheinherrová
  • M. Doleželová
  • M. Keppert
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 98)


The main aim of this article is to find a progressive composition of plaster mixture consisting of lime hydrate, siliceous aggregates and a waste material admixture. Recycled finely ground brick powder appears to be a suitable material for lime or cement plasters. It exhibits good pozzolanic characteristics and actively participates in creation of bonds within the material structure. The brick dust primarily comes from the production of thermal insulating brick blocks. Therefore, recycling of this waste leads to improvement of ecological and economic aspects. In our previous studies, the effect of ceramic waste on properties of ceramic-based plasters has been studied and it was found out that the most promising solution is to partially replace fine aggregates and lime hydrate by ceramic powder as it can participate in pozzolanic reactions and it also plays a role of a filler. Ceramic powder significantly improved all studied material parameters presented in this article. Therefore, this article is an extension of previous studies and brings new insights to the topic, for example time horizon of the study. The first part of this article is focused on the analysis of the pozzolanic reaction. The effectivity of the ceramic waste on pozzolanic reactions was studied on pastes prepared only from lime hydrate with different amounts of ceramic powder replacement (from 10 to 70 mass% of ceramic waste). The pastes were stored in a climatic chamber under constant temperature and humidity conditions. The pozzolanic reactions were studied after 28 and 360 days of hydration using selected experimental measurements, namely characteristics of the pore system, mechanical properties and thermal analysis (DSC/TG). Based on the obtained results, the best paste was selected for the design of the plaster mixture enriched by siliceous sand. The same properties of the newly designed plaster were studied to confirm the effectivity of this mixture.


Pozzolana Ceramic waste Pore system Mechanical properties DSC/TG 



This research has been supported in the Czech Republic under project SGS16/199/OHK1/3T/11.


  1. 1.
    Rovnaníková, P.: Omítky. Chemické a Technologické vlastnosti. STOP, Praha (2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kočí, J., Maděra, J., Rovnaníková, P., Černý, R.: Hygrothermal performance of innovative renovation renders used for different types of historical masonry. WIT Trans. Built Environ. 118, 683–693 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Walker, R., Pavía, S.: Physical properties and reactivity of pozzolans, and their influence on the properties of lime-pozzolan pastes. Mater. Struct. 44, 1139–1150 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Matias, G., Faria, P., Torres, I.: Lime mortars with ceramic wastes: characterization of components and their influence on the mechanical behaviour. Constr. Build. Mater. 73, 523–534 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Navrátilová, E., Rovnaníková, P.: Reactivity of brick powder in lime mortars. Adv. Mater. Res. 897, 103210 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cizer, Ö., Van Balen, K., Van Gemert, D.: Competition between hydration and carbonation in hydraulic lime and lime-pozzolana mortars. Adv. Mater. Res. 133–134, 241–246 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moropoulou, A., Bakolas, A., Aggelakopoulou, E.: Evaluation of pozzolanic activity of natural and artificial pozzolans by thermal analysis. Thermochim. Acta 420, 135–140 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    ČSN EN 1015-3: Methods of test for mortar for masonry—Part 3: Determination of consistence of fresh mortar (by flow table) (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ČSN EN 1015-11: Methods of test for mortar for masonry—Part 11: Determination of flexural and compressive strength of hardened mortar (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stefanidou, M., Papayianni, I.: The role of aggregates on the structure and properties of lime mortars. Cem. Concr. Compos. 27, 914–919 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nežerka, V., Slížková, Z., Tesárek, P., Plachý, T., Frankeová, D., Petráňová, V.: Comprehensive study on mechanical properties of lime-based pastes with additions of metakaolin and brick dust. Cem. Concr. Res. 64, 17–29 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Maria, S.: Methods for porosity measurement in lime-based mortars, construction and building materials. Constr. Build. Mater. 24, 2572–2578 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Panday, S.P., Sharma, R.L.: Influence of mineral additives on the strength and porosity of OPC mortar. Cem. Concr. Res. 30, 19–23 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kloužková, A., Zemanová, P., Kloužek, J., Pabst, W.: Termická analýza. (2012). Accessed 23 Mar 2016
  15. 15.
    Štarha, P., Trávníček, Z.: Termická analýza. Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra anorganické chemie. (2011). Accessed 18 July 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Čáchová
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. Scheinherrová
    • 1
  • M. Doleželová
    • 1
  • M. Keppert
    • 1
  1. 1.Czech Technical University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations