Mechanical Characterization of Film/Substrate Materials Using Nanoindentation Technique

  • Nadia ChakrounEmail author
  • Hedi Belhadjsalah
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 98)


In the present paper, mechanical properties of multilayer coatings were investigated. To that end, an analytical model dedicated for characterizing the thin multilayer behaviors was considered. In this study, the nanoindentation tests on film/substrate material systems were systematically investigated using finite element modeling (FEM). Hence, the considered model of Mercier et al. is efficient for measuring meaningful mechanical properties of thin film materials up to a critical ratio Ef/Es = 1.18 (with Ef the Young’s modulus of the film and Es the Young’s modulus of the substrate). But, for Ef/Es ≥ 1.18 a divergence of the model was observed. The main error is caused by a wrong estimation of the contact surface Ac between the indenter tip and the film surface. As a matter of fact, for a soft film on a hard substrate (Ef/Es < 1.18) the deformation is almost localized at the film. However, for Ef/Es ≥ 1.18 the deformation spreads at the substrate which induces a wrong value of contact surface Ac.


Thin films Nanoindentation Hard film Soft film Substrate effect 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering LaboratoryUniversity of MonastirMonastirTunisia

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