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The Effect of the Position of Compression Screw in Plate-Screws Method Used in Fracture Treatment on Fatigue Strength of Joint

  • R. Cagri Kutlubay
  • Tezcan SekerciogluEmail author
  • A. Cagdas Yorukoglu
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 98)

Abstract

A number of combination studies on the use of plate-screws, which has become a traditional method in fracture treatment, have been conducted to obtain a more rigid joint. These studies in the literature were reviewed and it was seen that the effect of the position of the compression screw, used with the aim of making the fracture line come closer to each other during fracture fixation, on the fatigue strength of the joint hasn’t been investigated. Within the scope of this study, a screw combination study by including Limited Contact Dynamic Compression Plate (LC-DCP) plates that possess combined hole properties was carried out. Three different combinations were created during the study. In these combinations, the unlocked screw that was located on the part where the force was applied and that was used for compression was placed in different holes and fatigue strengths of the joints were investigated under dynamic bending force. As a result of the study, it was observed that as the compression screw moved away from the fracture line, fatigue strength of the joint consisting of plate, screw and bone decreased. In addition, it was found that all the joints in the 3rd combination got damaged as a result of the fracture of the bone.

Keywords

Anatomic plate Plate screw Limited contact dynamic compression plate (LCP) Fatigue Biomechanics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was performed in the framework of The Scientific Projects Unit of Pamukkale University, Project No: 2016-FEBE-038

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Cagri Kutlubay
    • 1
  • Tezcan Sekercioglu
    • 2
  • A. Cagdas Yorukoglu
    • 3
  1. 1.Technology Faculty, Department of Biomedical EngineeringPamukkale UniversityDenizliTurkey
  2. 2.Engineering Faculty, Department of Mechanical EngineeringPamukkale UniversityDenizliTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyPamukkale UniversityDenizliTurkey

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