Study of the Influence of Sintering Temperature on Water Absorption in the Manufacture of Porcelain Cups

  • T. P. DuarteEmail author
  • J. L. Alves
  • P. Pereira
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 98)


The final quality of ceramic parts is strongly related with the raw materials, which have different origins, are available in nature in different places, and present heterogeneous characteristics. The particularities of ceramic manufacturing process, like hardness and moisture of pastes, drying and firing cycles, atmospheres, etc., are a multiplicity of factors that causes variability of properties on the final parts, affecting their use in several applications. This work presents a study carried out in a ceramic company that produces products for hotelware, namely coffee plates and mugs. The objective was study the influence of the firing temperature on the porosity, measured by the water absorption capacity. Taking into account the great influence of the energy costs on the final price of the pieces, it was intended to determine the lowest sintering temperature compatible with these ceramics request. It was found that the highest porosity values (about 23%) occurred at temperatures of 750 °C. From 850 to 1050 °C, the porosity variation is not significant, ranging from 21 to 22%, so it is not necessary to use higher sintering temperatures, which significantly increases the cost of the product.


Porcelain Traditional ceramics Hotelware Firing cycle Porosity Moisture 



The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Project NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000022 SciTech Science and Technology for Competitive and Sustainable Industries, cofinanced by Programa Operacional Regional do Norte (NORTE2020), through Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional (FEDER).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringINEGI, University of PortoPortoPortugal

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