Breakthroughs in Universal Protection at the UN: Country Investigations, Thematic Investigations, Protection of Human Rights Defenders. Initiative for a High Commissioner

  • Bertrand Ramcharan
Part of the Springer Biographies book series (SPRINGERBIOGS)


van Boven pushed for the development of universal, uniform standards of implementation of human rights treaties by all member States of the UN. Whereas, Hammarskjold’s took the UN from a ‘talking shop’ to an organization of action, it may be said that that Theodoor van Boven took the human rights programme of the United Nations into the era of responding to gross violations of human rights.


Development of special procedures Protection of indigenous peoples rights Human rights defenders 


  1. Bossuyt MJ (1985) The Development of Special procedures of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Human Rights Law Journal 6: 179–210Google Scholar
  2. Clark RS (1972) A United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Coomans F, et al, (Eds.) (2000) Human Rights from Exclusion to Inclusion; Principles and Practice. An Anthology of the Work of Theo van Boven. Kluwer Law International, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  4. Division of Human Rights (1979), Legal opinion in response to the Government of Chile. In possession of the authorGoogle Scholar
  5. Livermore JD, Ramcharan BG (1990) “‘Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances’: An Evaluation of a Decade of United Nations Action”, Canadian Human Rights Yearbook 6 (1989-1990): 217–230Google Scholar
  6. Ramcharan BG (1997) The Principle of Legality in International Human Rights Institutions. Martinus Nijhoff, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  7. Rodley N (1986) UN Action Against ‘Disappearances’, Summary or Arbitrary Executions and Torture. Human Rights Quarterly 8: 700–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Tardu ME (1980) United Nations Response to Gross Violations of Human Rights: The 1503 Procedure. Santa Clara Law Review 20: 559–601Google Scholar
  9. Tolley H (1987) The UN Commission on Human Rights. Westview Press, Boulder, ColoradoGoogle Scholar
  10. van Boven, TC (1982) People Matter. Amsterdam, Meulenhoff, 1982. (Edited by Hans Thoolen)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertrand Ramcharan
    • 1
  1. 1.Airlie MountAlythUK

Personalised recommendations