Worlwide an incredible number of females are made to suffer from sexual offense and discrimination. These norms are usually anchored in the respective patriarchal culture and aim to control womens's sexuality.Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), unfortunately, is such a practice beiing deeply rooted in traditional behavior. From a medical and/or humanitarian point of view FGM/C, therefore, is one of the biggest harms against women existing in the world today and likewise one of the most problematic culturally fixed burden that needs to be ended.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan mon O’Dey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Hand SurgeryCenter of Reconstructive Surgery of Female Gender Characteristics, Luisenhospital AachenAachenGermany

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