Crafts in China are bound with people’s daily lives, and should have two attributes: utilitarian and decorative. Artisans need to use their knowledge and ability to solve problems and to create objects satisfying physical, but also emotional needs of consumers. ‘Chinese crafts’ relate to cultural heritage and has a role for economic development under the control of the government. The chapter illustrates the changes in the way of considering crafts in China from the initial historical period of the People’s Republic of China (1949–1957) to our modern-day society. Because of industrialization, crafts encounter unprecedented challenges and obstacles. To report and review the current situation of crafts in China, this paper will focus on the policies in place; the role of institutions or organizations; the educational system.
KeywordsChinese crafts Craftsmanship Economic and social development Measures and policies
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