Advertisement

Performance Based Funding of Universities: Czech Republic and Slovakia

  • Peter PisárEmail author
  • Miroslav Šipikal
  • Robert Jahoda
  • David Špaček
Chapter
Part of the Governance and Public Management book series (GPM)

Abstract

Performance-based funding is a relatively new phenomenon in public administration funding. Several countries, including the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, have introduced elements of performance financing into higher education funding as well. The chapter analyzed the introduction of this funding in these two countries. The change has resulted in an increase in the publishing activities of universities, but has also been accompanied by negative effects. These effects are visible in different forms, like, efforts to create own publication platforms, publishing in predatory journals, creating citation circles, establishing “samizdat” journals, all related to the substitution of quality by quantity.

Keywords

Universities Higher education Performance-based funding Slovak Republic Czech Republic Financing of higher education Predatory journals 

Notes

Acknowledgements

“This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-14-0512” and by Czech Research Grant Agency GACR project “Performance Management in Public Administration: Theory and Practice in the Czech Republic and Other CEE Countries”, ID (CEP) GA16-13119S.

References

  1. Abramo, Giovanni, Tindaro Cicero, and Ciriaco Andrea D’Angelo. 2011. The Dangers of Performance-Based Research Funding in Non-Competitive Higher Education Systems. Scientometrics 87 (3): 641–654.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-011-0355-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agasisti, Tommaso, and Carla Haelermans. 2016. Comparing Efficiency of Public Universities Among European Countries: Different Incentives Lead to Different Performances. Higher Education Quarterly 70 (1): 81–104.  https://doi.org/10.1111/hequ.12066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Auranen, Otto, and Mika Nieminen. 2010. University Research Funding and Publication Performance—An International Comparison. Research Policy 39 (6): 822–834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fischer, Jakub, and Hana Lipovská. 2015. Brain Drain-Brain Gain: Slovak Students at Czech Universities. Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science 8 (3): 54–59.  https://doi.org/10.7160/eriesj.2015.080301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Good, Barbara, Niki Vermeulen, Brigitte Tiefenthaler, and Erik Arnold. 2015. Counting Quality? The Czech Performance-Based Research Funding System. Research Evaluation 24 (2): 91–105.  https://doi.org/10.1093/reseval/rvu035.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grancay, Martin, Jolita Veinhardt, and Ērika Sumilo. 2017. Publish or Perish: How Central and Eastern European Economists Have Dealt with the Ever-Increasing Academic Publishing Requirements 2000–2015. Scientometrics 111 (3): 1813–1837.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hicks, Diana. 2012. Performance-Based University Research Funding Systems. Research Policy 41 (2): 251–261.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.09.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kwiek, Marek. 2012. Universities and Knowledge Production in Central Europe. European Educational Research Journal 11 (1): 111–126.  https://doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2012.11.1.111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Machacek, Vít, and Martin Srholec. 2017. Mistni casopisy. Praha: IDEA.Google Scholar
  10. Moed, Henk F., Marc Luwel, and A.J. Nederhof. 2002. Towards Research Performance in the Humanities. Library Trends. 50 (3): 498–520.Google Scholar
  11. Pajić, Dejan. 2015. Globalization of the Social Sciences in Eastern Europe: Genuine Breakthrough or a Slippery Slope of the Research Evaluation Practice? Scientometrics 102 (3): 2131–2150.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-014-1510-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Pisár, Peter, and Miroslav Šipikal. 2017. Negative Effects of Performance Based Funding of Universities: The Case of Slovakia. NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy 10 (2).  https://doi.org/10.1515/nispa-2017-0017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pruvot, Enora Bennetot, Anna-Lena Claeys-Kulik, and Thomas Estermann. 2015. Strategies for Efficient Funding of Universities in Europe. In The European Higher Education Area, 153–168. Springer International Publishing.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20877-0_11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Srholec, Martin, and Vít Machacek. 2017. Predatorske casopisy ve Scopusu. Praha: IDEA.Google Scholar
  15. Teodorescu, Daniel, and Tudorel Andrei. 2014. An Examination of ‘Citation Circles’ for Social Sciences Journals in Eastern European Countries. Scientometrics 99 (2): 209–231.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-013-1210-6. Data from Web Pages of the Czech and Slovak Ministries for Education.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Pisár
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miroslav Šipikal
    • 2
  • Robert Jahoda
    • 3
  • David Špaček
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Finance and Accounting, Faculty of EconomicsMatej Bel UniversityBanská BystricaSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Public Administration and Regional Development, Faculty of National EconomyUniversity of EconomicsBratislavaSlovakia
  3. 3.Department of Public Economics, Faculty of Economics and AdministrationMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations