Performance-Based Financing of Kindergartens: Bulgaria

  • Nadezhda BobchevaEmail author
Part of the Governance and Public Management book series (GPM)


The goal of this chapter is to evaluate the system of performance-based financing of kindergartens in Bulgaria. The state allocates large sums of money for this level of preschool education and distributes the money to municipalities on the basis of a formula. In this way, ‘student vouchers’ are officially used to finance municipal kindergartens, with the hypothetical potential of encouraging improvements in quality. In reality, the system is far from being performance-based—municipalities simply cover all the remaining costs of their kindergartens to balance the institutional budgets, independent of performance.


Performance-based financing Kindergarten Budget allocation 


  1. Ministry of Education and Science. 2016. Data from the Section on Preschool and School Delegated Budgets. Accessed 7 April 2017.
  2. Ministry of Finance. 2016. General Public Finance Data. Accessed 7 April 2017.
  3. Municipality of Silistra. Data on Preschool Education and on Municipal Costs and Expenditures. Accessed 3 April 2017.
  4. NAMRB National Association of Municipalities in the Republic of Bulgaria. 2015. Database on Local Finance. Accessed 7 April 2017.
  5. National Statistical Institute. 2016. Data on Kindergartens (Pre-primary Education). Accessed 18 April 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Municipal Council of SilistraSilistraBulgaria

Personalised recommendations