The Creation of the Hospital of Saint John
Although the early hospital movement had created a number of hospitals, many of the institutions remained rural in character. Other monastic hospitals were overtaxed and overburdened. The creation of the Saint John’s signaled a new hospital that merged the urban charitable institutions and the monastic hospital into one coherent unit, especially through its statutes. The statutes were clear, concise, and orderly, but they also guaranteed the bishop’s power. This resulted in a local church–state debate. Occurring simultaneously throughout Europe was a greater church–state debate that sought to reform religious institutions, including hospitals. Saint John’s statutes were used, borrowed, and disseminated among the episcopal networks in the local and immediate area, making it a standard example of the municipal hospitals of the high Middle Ages.