High Medieval Charitable Institutions and Hospitals, c. 1000–1300 CE
This chapter considers the rise of urban hospitals, their creation, their support, their administration, and their importance. Although still a religious institution, the medieval hospital transformed from a hospice and way station for pilgrims—as had been the case with the early monastery hospital—to a center for care of the urban poor and sick. Care was still overseen mostly by monks and nuns but greater public involvement, especially in administration, emerged. Moreover, the creation of the urban hospital was made possible through lay donations. The Peace of God Movements and the movements to live as Christ’s apostles spurred Christians from all levels of society to donate to an urban hospital focused on caritas in a manner akin to the Byzantine Basileias.