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Basics of Medical Microbiology

  • Elisabeth PresterlEmail author
  • Magda Diab-El SchahawiEmail author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
  • Helga Paula
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
Chapter

Abstract

Clinical microbiology classically focuses on microorganisms that make people sick “pathogens”. Founders of clinical microbiology were Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch. Until the first half of the nineteenth century, cleanliness and disinfection in medicine were not considered necessary, because the causative agents of infection were unknown. However, clinical microbiology was advancing rapidly revealing the pathogens of tuberculosis, diarrhoea, sepsis and many more. Koch and Henle published postulates linked microorganisms with infectious disease.

Keywords

Pathogen Microorganism Bacteria Microbiology 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Presterl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magda Diab-El Schahawi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
    • 1
  • Helga Paula
    • 1
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hygiene and Infection ControlMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Glasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK

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