Medical Instruments and Devices

  • Elisabeth PresterlEmail author
  • Magda Diab-El SchahawiEmail author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
  • Helga Paula
  • Jacqui S. Reilly


Medical instruments and devices are all instruments, apparatus, devices, substances or other objects designed by the manufacturer for diagnostic or therapeutic use destined for the following purposes:
  1. 1.

    Detection, prevention, monitoring, treatment or alleviation of diseases

  2. 2.

    Detection, monitoring, treatment, alleviation or compensation for injury or disability

  3. 3.

    Examination, modification or replacement of anatomical structure or physiological processes

  4. 4.

    Birth control


Pathogen-contaminated medical instruments or devices can be the source of human infections. If they are reusable, measures must be taken before application to the next patient to avoid pathogen transmission.


Medical device Reprocessing Spaulding classification 

Suggested Reading

  1. Best practice guidelines for cleaning, disinfection and sterilization in health authorities. October 2011. British Columbia Ministry of Health.Google Scholar
  2. Rutala WA, Weber DJ, Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). CDC - guideline for disinfection and sterilization in healthcare facilities. 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Presterl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magda Diab-El Schahawi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
    • 1
  • Helga Paula
    • 1
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hygiene and Infection ControlMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Glasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK

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