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Environmental Medicine

  • Elisabeth PresterlEmail author
  • Magda Diab-El SchahawiEmail author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
  • Helga Paula
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
Chapter

Abstract

Over the last decades, the effects of the physical environment have proven to be increasingly relevant on the healing process and well-being of people/patients. Factors such as noise play an important role in health maintenance and physical recovery after disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) has published guidelines for community noise with reference values for noise management in different settings (WHO guidelines for community noise, 1999). We therefore decided to include a chapter on environmental medicine, focusing on noise and air pollution in particular mold, in our book. The field of environmental medicine has developed from various disciplines.

Keywords

Noise Air pollutants Mold 

Suggested Reading

  1. WHO. Air quality guidelines. Global update 2005. Particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide. Geneva: WHO; 2005. ISBN 92 890 2192 6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Presterl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magda Diab-El Schahawi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luigi Segagni Lusignani
    • 1
  • Helga Paula
    • 1
  • Jacqui S. Reilly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hygiene and Infection ControlMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Glasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK

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