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Sutures, Adhesives, Staples, and Other Closure Technologies

  • Christina Correnti
  • Kaitlin Blankenship
  • Nicole Ufkes
  • John Strasswimmer
Chapter

Abstract

The history of surgery, and therefore wound closure, is that of human social evolution. Social cohesion for Homo sapiens (which led to our species dominating other humanoid species including H. neanderthalensis and H. erectus) depended upon caring for the infirm. Some of the earliest surgical needles, dating back to at least 20,000 BC, were made of bone, and primitive sutures were made of plant material and linen (5). Middle-Kingdom Egyptians used strips of linen coated with honey and flour as some of the first documented adhesive material for wound closure. South American cultures even used the pincers of decapitated ants as a means of wound closure. The use of gut as suture material was first mentioned in ancient Greece around the time of Galen, a material still used today.

Keywords

Sutures Skin Surgery Subcuticular Wound closure Barbed sutures Vertical mattress 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Correnti
    • 1
  • Kaitlin Blankenship
    • 2
  • Nicole Ufkes
    • 3
  • John Strasswimmer
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.Medical University of South Carolina College of MedicineCharlestonUSA
  4. 4.Florida Atlantic University College of MedicineBoca RatonUSA
  5. 5.Strasswimmer + Smirnov DermatologyDelray BeachUSA

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