Test 7

  • Michael Paddock
  • Amaka C. Offiah


Often, these injuries are missed on clinical examination. It is important to consider the clinical and birth history in any infant younger than 3 months old that is presented with an unexplained injury or one that is identified on radiography performed for another indication.


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Further Reading

Image 8

  1. Please see the Test 2, Image 14 references regarding the imaging of suspected physical abuse in infants and young children.Google Scholar

Image 10

  1. Rossi I, Rosenburg Z, Zember J (2016) Normal skeletal development and imaging pitfalls of the calcaneal apophysis: MRI features. Skeletal Radiol 45(4):483–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Image 13

  1. Jaramillo D, Dormans JP, Delgado J et al (2017) Haematogenous osteomyelitis in infants and children: imaging of a changing disease. Radiology 283(3):629–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Skandhan AKP, Gaillard F et al (2018) Osteomyelitis. Accessed May 2018

Image 22

  1. Talusan PG, Diaz-Collado PJ, Reach JS Jr (2014) Freiberg’s infraction: diagnosis and treatment. Foot Ankle Spec 7(1):52–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Thurston M, Jones J et al (2018) Freiberg disease. Accessed May 2018

Image 27

  1. Bell DJ, Gaillard F et al (2018) Osteochondroma. Accessed May 2018
  2. Murphy A, Jones J et al (2018) Exostosis. Accessed May 2018
  3. Murphey MD, Choi JJ, Kransdorf MJ et al (2000) Imaging of osteochondroma: variants and complications with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics 20(5):1407–1434CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Image 30

  1. Chaturvedi A, Chaturvedi A, Stanescu AL et al (2018) Mechanical birth-related trauma to the neonate: an imaging perspective. Insights Imaging 9(1):103–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Davis DJ (2001) Neonatal subgaleal haemorrhage: diagnosis and management. CMAJ 164(10):1452–1453PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Jones J et al (2018) Layers of the scalp mnemonic. Accessed June 2018
  4. Hacking C et al (2018) Caput succedaneum. Accessed June 2018
  5. Hacking C, Jones J (2018a) Galea aponeurotica. Accessed June 2018
  6. Hacking C, Jones J (2018b) Subgaleal haematoma. Accessed June 2018
  7. Hacking C, Gaillard F et al (2018). Cephalohaematoma. Accessed June 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Paddock
    • 1
  • Amaka C. Offiah
    • 2
  1. 1.Sheffield Teaching HospitalsSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Academic Unit of Child Health, Department of Oncology and MetabolismUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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