Test 5

  • Michael Paddock
  • Amaka C. Offiah


Periosteal reaction can range from benign to aggressive:


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Further Reading

Image 2

  1. Bell DJ et al (2018) Celery stalk metaphysis. Accessed April 2018
  2. Kwon DS, Spevak MR, Flecther K, Kleinman PK (2002) Physiologic subperiosteal new bone formation: prevalence, distribution and thickness in neonates and infants. AJR Am J Roentgenol 179(4):985–988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. St-Amant M et al (2018a) Wimberger sign. Accessed April 2018
  4. St-Amant M et al (2018b) Wimberger ring sign. Accessed April 2018
  5. University of Virginia (2018) Newborn periosteal reaction. Accessed April 2018
  6. van der Woude JH, Smithuis R (2010) Bone tumor – systemic approach and differential diagnosis. Accessed April 2018

Image 4

  1. Please see the Test 2, Image 14 references regarding the imaging of suspected physical abuse in infants and young childrenGoogle Scholar

Image 5

  1. Blaz M, Palczewski P, Swiatkowski J, Golebiowski M (2011) Cortical fibrous defects and non-ossifying fibromas in children and young adults: The analysis of radiological features in 28 cases and a review of literature. Pol J Radiol. 76(4):32–39PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Levine SM, Lambiase RE, Petchprapa CN (2003) Cortical lesions of the tibia: characteristic appearances at conventional radiography. Radiographics. 23(1):157–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Weeakkody Y, Gaillard F et al (2018) Fibrous cortical defect. Accessed May 2018

Image 26

  1. Bickle I, Sorrentino S et al (2018) Steinstrasse. Accessed May 2018
  2. Sayed MA, el-Taher AM, Aboul-Ella HA, Shaker SE (2001) Steinstrasse after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy: aetiology, prevention and management. BJU Int. 88(7):675–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Image 29

  1. Gaillard F et al (2018) Wormian bones (mnemonic). Accessed July 2018
  2. Marti B, Sirinelli D, Maurin L, Carpentier E (2013) Wormian bones in a general population. Diagn Interv Imaging. 94(4):428–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Image 30

  1. Bell DJ, Gaillard F et al (2018) Congenital tracheo-oesophageal fistula. Accessed May 2018
  2. Gaillard F et al (2018a) Double bubble sign (duodenum). Accessed May 2018
  3. Gaillard F et al (2018b) VACTERL association. Accessed May 2018
  4. Goel A, Jones J et al (2018) Duodenal atresia. Accessed May 2018
  5. Glick Y, Bickle I et al (2018) Triple bubble sign. Accessed May 2018
  6. Hamidi H, Jones J et al (2018). Anal atresia. Accessed May 2018
  7. Hacking C, Jha P et al (2018) Annual pancreas.
  8. Kang O et al (2018) Congenital renal anomalies. Accessed May 2018
  9. Vergult S, Hoogeboom AJ, Bijlsma EK et al (2013) Complex genetics of radial ray deficiencies: screening of a cohort of 54 patients. Genet Med 15(3):195–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Weerakkody Y, Salam H et al (2018) Jejunal atresia. Accessed May 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Paddock
    • 1
  • Amaka C. Offiah
    • 2
  1. 1.Sheffield Teaching HospitalsSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Academic Unit of Child Health, Department of Oncology and MetabolismUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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