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Test 2

  • Michael Paddock
  • Amaka C. Offiah
Chapter

Abstract

The Risser classification is a system which grades skeletal maturity based upon the degree of fusion of the iliac crest apophyses and can be used as a surrogate marker for the skeletal maturity/ossification of the spinal vertebrae, which generally parallels that of the iliac crest. The higher the Risser grade, the greater the extent of skeletal maturity. As such, this can be used to predict the progression of scoliosis based on the amount of skeletal maturation that remains and can be used when planning corrective surgery. The Risser classification is comprised of the following stages:

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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Paddock
    • 1
  • Amaka C. Offiah
    • 2
  1. 1.Sheffield Teaching HospitalsSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Academic Unit of Child Health, Department of Oncology and MetabolismUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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