Advertisement

Prevention

  • Banku JairathEmail author
  • Laura Duda
  • Leslie R. Walker-Harding
Chapter

Abstract

Adolescent substance use is a serious health issue that can lead to lifelong medical, social, financial, and psychological consequences. Providers who work with adolescents have the unique opportunity to implement prevention strategies for substance use. The prevention of substance use can be complex, but a diverse group of programs demonstrate promising results. In this chapter we will discuss community-, family-, school-, and individual-based prevention programs that target a range of ages. Some programs are focused on at-risk youth, while others are meant to be universally implemented. They may try to increase protective factors like communication with parents, a strong bond to school, or academic success. They may also try to mitigate risk factors like academic failure, anxiety, depression, or living within family with a high level of conflict. Despite some of the promising programs described in this chapter, further research is necessary in order to find the most effective strategies for adolescent substance use prevention, particularly with regard to certain substances that have been relatively understudied to date.

Keywords

Adolescent Substance use Universal prevention Selective prevention Indicated prevention 

References

  1. 1.
    Kumpfer KL, Baxley GB. Drug abuse prevention: what works? Rockville: National Institute on Drug Abuse; 1997.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Catalano RF, Haggerty KP, Hawkins JD, et al. Prevention of substance use and substance use disorders: the role of risk and protective factors. In: Kaminer Y, Winter KC, editors. Clinical manual of adolescent substance abuse treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2011. p. 25–63.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Harrop E, Catalano RF. Evidence-based prevention for adolescent substance use. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2016;25(3):387–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Duncan SC, Duncan TE, Strycker LA. A multilevel analysis of neighborhood context and youth alcohol and drug problems. Prev Sci. 2002;3(2):125–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wills TA, Sargent JD, Gibbons FX, Gerrard M, Stoolmiller M. Movie exposure to alcohol cues and adolescent alcohol problems: a longitudinal analysis in a national sample. Psychol Addict Behav. 2009;23(1):23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hawkins JD, Catalano RF. Communities that care: action for drug abuse prevention. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 1992.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Beyers JM, Toumbourou JW, Catalano RF, Arthur MW, Hawkins JD. A cross-national comparison of risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use: the United States and Australia. J Adolesc Health. 2004;35(1):3–16.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dishion T, Kavanagh K, Schneiger AKJ, Nelson S, Kaufman N. Preventing early adolescent substance use: a family centered strategy for the public middle school. Prev Sci. 2002;3(3):191–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Spoth RL, Redmond D, Trudeau L, Shin C. Longitudinal substance initiation outcomes for a universal preventive intervention combining family and school programs. Psychol Addict Behav. 2002;16(2):129–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Spoth R, Redmond C, Shin C, Greenberg MT, Feinberg ME, Trudeau L. PROSPER delivery of universal preventive interventions with young adolescents: long-term effects on emerging adult substance misuse and associated risk behaviors. Psychol Med. 2017;47(13):2246–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ḳaminer Y, Winters K. Clinical manual of adolescent substance abuse treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bavarian N, Lewis K, Acock A, DuBase D, Yan Z. Effects of a school based social-emotional and character development program on health behaviors; a matched pair, cluster-randomized controlled trial. J Prim Prev. 2016;37(1):87–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Spoth R, Randall G, Trudeau L, Shin C, Redmond C. Substance use outcomes 5½ years past baseline for partnership-based, family-school preventive interventions. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008;96(1–2):57–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Spoth R, Trudeau L, Shin C, Ralston E, Redmond C, Greenberg M, Feinberg M. Longitudinal effects of universal preventive intervention on prescription drug misuse: three randomized controlled trials with late adolescents and young adults. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(4):665–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    O’Neill JM, Clark JK, Jones JA. Promoting mental health and preventing substance abuse and violence in elementary students: a randomized control study of the Michigan Model for Health. J Sch Health. 2011;81(6):320–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Conrod PJ, Castellanos-Ryan N, Mackie C. Long-term effects of a personality-targeted intervention to reduce alcohol use in adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2011;79(3):296–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ellickson PL, Bell RM. Drug Prevention in junior high: a multi-site longitudinal test. Science. 1990;247(4948):1299–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Clayton RR, Cattarello AM, Johnstone BM. The effectiveness of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (project DARE): 5 year follow-up results. Prev Med. 1996;25(3):307–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stone A, Becker L, Huber A, Catalano R. Review of risk and protective factors of substance use and problem use in emerging adulthood. Addict Behav. 2012;37(7):747–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Olds D. The nurse–family partnership: an evidence-based preventive intervention. Infant Ment Health J. 2006;27(1):5–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Spoth R, Redmond C, Shin C. Randomized trial of brief family interventions for the general populations: adolescent substance use outcomes 4 years following baseline. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2001;69(4):627–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sher K, Rutledge P. Heavy drinking across the transition to college: predicting first-semester heavy drinking from precollege variables. Addict Behav. 2007;32(4):819–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Borsari B, Carey K. Peer influences on college drinking: a review of research. J Subst Abuse. 2001;13(4):391–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Moreno M, Whitehill J. Influence of social media on alcohol use in adolescents and young adults. Alcohol Res. 2014;36(1):91–100.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    McAlaney J, Bewick B, Hughes C. The international development of the ‘Social Norms’ approach to drug education and prevention. Drugs Educ Prev Policy. 2010;18:81–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    MacArthur GJ, Harrison S, Caldwell D. Peer-led interventions to prevent tobacco, alcohol and/or drug use among young people aged 11-21 years: a systematic review and met-analysis. Addiction. 2016;111(3):391–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    O’Neil K, Connor B, Kendall P. Internalizing disorders and substance use disorders in youth: comorbidity, risk, temporal order, and implications for intervention. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31(1):104–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Teubert D, Pinquart M. A meta-analytic review on the prevention of symptoms of anxiety in children and adolescents. J Anxiety Disord. 2011;25(8):1046–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Curry J, Silva S, TADS Team. Onset of alcohol or substance use disorders following treatment for adolescent depression. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2012;80(2):299–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Banku Jairath
    • 1
    Email author
  • Laura Duda
    • 2
  • Leslie R. Walker-Harding
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of General PediatricsPenn State Hershey Children’s Hospital at the Milton S. Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsPenn State Children’s Hospital at the Milton S. Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsPenn State Children’s HospitalHersheyUSA

Personalised recommendations