Co-occurring Mental Health Disorders
Substance use often has a significant overlap with psychiatric diagnoses such as major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder (CD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and bipolar disorder (BD). Many of these psychiatric conditions commonly go undiagnosed and untreated because of active substance use, which can complicate the clinical picture, mask underlying symptoms, and redirect the focus of clinical interventions. However, co-occurring mental health disorders can have a detrimental effect by increasing the severity of problematic substance use. Conversely, the use of substances can further exacerbate psychiatric symptoms, highlighting the importance for accurate and timely identification of co-occurring psychiatric conditions in adolescents with substance use.
KeywordsCo-occurring disorders Dual diagnosis Substance use disorder Internalizing disorders Externalizing disorders
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