Mapping Geological Risk in Urban Areas (by the Example of Moscow, Russia)
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The geological risk of economic losses was qualitatively assessed for Moscow, Russia, proceeding from the comprehensive consideration of geohazards and the vulnerability of urban environment. The map of geo-ecological conditions was built based on assessing karst, suffosion, waterlogging and landslide hazards in Moscow; and the schematic map of geological risk (scale 1: 50,000) was compiled for the Moscow territory, representing risk as an integral parameter of probable damage caused by geo-hazards and the anthropogenic load on the urban territory. The mapping procedure included four steps: grading and mapping exogenous geo-hazards; grading and mapping the urban environment vulnerability; distinguishing risk categories; and compiling the resultant risk map. This qualitative approach provides reliable and sufficient data permitting urban planners to optimize investments in Moscow city development.
KeywordsExogenous geological processes Geo-hazards Risk analysis Urban areas Urban environment vulnerability
This study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 16-17-00125.
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