Advertisement

Behavioural Responses of Armadillidium Granulatum (Crustacea, Oniscidea) to Zinc Contaminated Soil

  • Raja JelassiEmail author
  • Wafa Hammami
  • Chedliya Ghemari
  • Karima Nasri-Ammar
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Avoidance and locomotor behaviours of Armadillidium granulatum Brandt, 1833 collected from sebkha El Ouafi were studied. Avoidance test was conducted in individuals exposed to zinc contaminated soils. Globally, the animals did not show an avoidance behaviour after 48 h of exposure. The determined concentration effect of this metal was equal to 1043 mg/L. The locomotor activity rhythm was studied in the control animals as well as those exposed to Zn contaminated soils. The results revealed the existence of nocturnal behaviour whatever the experimental conditions. Furthermore, the Periodogram analysis showed the existence of ultradian and circadian periods. This latter was longer for contaminated specimens than the control ones under entraining conditions as well as under constant darkness. In addition, exposed animals showed the most important activity time whatever the regimen imposed and were characterized by a phase advance contrary to the control animals which showed a phase delay.

Keywords

Sebkha Zinc Soil Terrestrial isopod Avoidance test Locomotor behaviour 

References

  1. 1.
    Amorim, M.J., Novais, S., Römbke, J., Soares, A.M.: Enchytraeus albidus (Enchytraeidae): a test organism in a standardized avoidance test? Effects of different chemical substances. Environ. Int. 34, 363–371 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bohli-Abderrazak, D., Ayari, A., Morgan, E., Nasri-Ammar, K.: Towards a characterization of the locomotor activity rhythm of the supralittoral Isopod Tylos europaeus. Chronobiol. Int. 29, 166–174 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cortet, J., Gomot-De Vauflery, A., Poinsot-Balaguer, N., Gomot, L., Texier, C., Cluzeau, D.: The use of invertebrate soil fauna in monitoring pollutant effects. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 35(3), 115–134 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Davis, J.A., Froend, R.: Loss and degradation of wetlands in southwestern Australia: underlying causes, consequences and solutions. Wetlands Ecol. Manage. 7(1–2), 13–23 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ghemari, C., Ouni, A., Ayari, A., Nasri-Ammar, K.: The use of Porcellio laevis (Crustacea, Isopoda) as organism for the avoidance test in response to a metal contaminated litter. Proceeding in the 3rd International Conference on Integrated Environmental Management for Sustainable Development, 296–298 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harris, J.G., Morgan, E.: Estimates of significance in periodogram analyses of damped oscillations in a biological time series. Anal. Lett. 3, 221–230 (1983)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Köhler, H.R., Hüttenrauch, K., Berkus, M., Grǎff, S., Alberti, G.: Cellular hepatopancreatic reactions in Porcellio scaber (Isopoda) as biomarkers for the evaluation of heavy metal toxicity in soils. Appl. Soil. Ecol. 3, 1–15 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lukkari, T., Haimi, J.: Avoidance of Cu- and Zn-contaminated soil by three ecologically different earthworm species. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 62, 35–41 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mazzei, V., Longo, G., Brundo, M.V., Copat, C., Oliveri Conti, G., Ferrante, M.: Bioaccumulation of cadmium and lead and its effects on hepatopancreas morphology in three terrestrial isopod Crustacean species. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 110, 269–279 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wolters, V.: Biodiversity of soil animals and its function. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 37(4), 221–227 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raja Jelassi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wafa Hammami
    • 2
  • Chedliya Ghemari
    • 2
  • Karima Nasri-Ammar
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute of Marine Sciences and TechnologiesSalammbôTunisia
  2. 2.Tunis El Manar University, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Research Unit of Bio-Ecology and Evolutionary SystematicsTunisTunisia

Personalised recommendations