Advertisement

Landslide Distribution Analysis and Susceptibility Mapping: A Case Study from Haveli District, Pakistan

  • Muhammad BasharatEmail author
  • Rizwan Yousaf
  • Muhammad Tayyib Riaz
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Landslide is a frequent and recurrent phenomenon in the northern mountainous terrain of Pakistan and Kashmir region. Where fatalities and severe economic losses occur along with the long time blockage of transport lines. The primary purpose of this research was to establish primary data and information about landslide occurrence in this area. For this purpose, interpretation of SPOT-5 satellite images and field investigations were carried out to develop a landslide inventory of the region. A total 534 landslides were identified and subsequently verified through field visits in a 540 km2 area. A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of 12.5 m resolution was used to derive topographic factors such as slope, aspect, curvature elevation and drainage in ArcGIS 10.1. Land cover map was generated using Landsat 8 imageries and processed in ENVI 5.3 software. After that, overlaying the landslide inventory map on these causative factor maps, landslide distributions were assessed in each class of causative factors. Landslide concentration was significantly found to be very high in slope gradient of more than 60° (3.84), followed by water bodies class of land cover (3.35), and the road network (3.07). The landslide susceptibility map was developed using weight of evidence method to rank the region in low, moderate, high and very high susceptibility zones. This map could be helpful for planners to develop a safe hazard plan of the region.

Keywords

Landslide distribution Himalayas Landslide susceptibility Weight of evidence 

References

  1. 1.
    Basharat, M., Rohan, J., Baig, M.S., Khan, M.R.: Spatial distribution analysis of mass movement triggered by Kashmir earthquake 2005 in the NE Himalayas of Pakistan. Geomorphology 206, 203–214 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Owen, L.A., Kamp, U., Khattak, G.A., Harp, E.L., Keefer, D.K., Bauer, M.A.: Landslides triggered by the 8 October 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Geomorphology 94, 1–9 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Petley, D., S. Dunning, Rosser, N., Kausar, A.B.: Incipient landslides in the Jhelum Valley, Pakistan following the 8th October 2005 earthquake. Disaster mitigation of rock flows, slope failures and landslides by Universal Academy Press, pp. 1–9 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sato, P.H., Hasegawa, H., Fujiwara, S., Tobita, M., Koarai, M., Une, H., Iwahashi, J.: Interpretation of landslide distribution triggered by the 2005 Northern Pakistan earthquake using SPOT 5 imagery. Landslide 4, 113–122 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Basharat
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rizwan Yousaf
    • 1
  • Muhammad Tayyib Riaz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeologyUniversity of Azad Jammu and KashmirMuzaffarabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations