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Study of an Aquifer in a Semi-arid Area Using MRS, FDEM, TDEM and ERT Methods (Youssoufia and Khouribga, Morocco)

  • Fatim-Zahra IhbachEmail author
  • Azzouz Kchikach
  • Mohammed Jaffal
  • Driss El Azzab
  • Konstantinos Chalikakis
  • Naomi Mazzili
  • Roger Guerin
  • Es-said Jourani
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

To improve the knowledge on available groundwater and to better characterize the aquifers on the phosphate deposits at Youssoufia and Khouribga (Morocco), several geophysical surveys using Magnetic Resonance soundings (MRS), Frequency Domain Electromagnetic Method (FDEM), Time Domain Electromagnetism (TDEM) and Electrical Tomography (ERT) were performed. The goal was to test the capability of these methods to localize an aquifer and estimate its hydrogeological properties. The first experimental results indicate the presence of highly conductive zones that could be related to the presence of water. MRS data has permitted to better constrain the aquifer parameters. The hydrogeological model provided by these methods is similar to the one obtained by piezometric data.

Keywords

Geophysical methods Groundwater resources Aquifers characterization Arid areas Morocco 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatim-Zahra Ihbach
    • 1
    Email author
  • Azzouz Kchikach
    • 1
  • Mohammed Jaffal
    • 1
  • Driss El Azzab
    • 2
  • Konstantinos Chalikakis
    • 3
  • Naomi Mazzili
    • 3
  • Roger Guerin
    • 4
  • Es-said Jourani
    • 5
  1. 1.L3G LaboratoryCadi Ayyad UniversityMarrakechMorocco
  2. 2.Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFèsMorocco
  3. 3.UAPV UniversityAvignonFrance
  4. 4.UMR 7619, METIS, Pierre et Marie Curie UniversityParisFrance
  5. 5.OCP GroupeCasablancaMorocco

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