Advertisement

Design of Self-assessment Tools to Measure Industry 4.0 Readiness. A Methodological Approach for Craftsmanship SMEs

  • R. Brozzi
  • R. D. D’Amico
  • G. Pasetti Monizza
  • C. Marcher
  • M. Riedl
  • D. Matt
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 540)

Abstract

The ongoing transition to digitalization will inevitably require companies to shift their manufacturing processes towards the Industry 4.0 paradigm, to remain competitive on the market. An increasing number of companies worldwide are initiating integrated 4.0 solutions, catching up with this revolution in the very concept of production processes and the dynamics among producers, suppliers and end-users. SMEs will be particularly challenged to integrate IT and automation to gain market segments in an increasingly globalised playing-field. SMEs will either seize it by identifying opportunities and risks or succumb it. Against the background that there is no such a thing as a one-size-fits-all solution on the way to Industry 4.0, the self-assessment of firm-specific starting circumstances is an essential step prior to any digital implementation. However, the analysis of a diverse pool of existing online self-assessment tools demonstrated main application fields in the context of large companies. This paper will present a methodology developed to design self-assessment tools for Industry 4.0 readiness level, in the framework of two publicly funded EU projects, targeting small-scale craftsmanship companies in the manufacturing and construction sector. The results indicate the importance to scale existing tools to the specific framework conditions of SMEs as well as valuable approaches and concrete recommendations to consider during the conceptual and design phase.

Keywords

Industry 4.0 Self-assessment tool Craftsmanship SMEs 

References

  1. 1.
    MacDougall, W.: Industrie 4.0 - Smart Manufacturing for the Future. Trade & Invest, Berlin (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Peßl, E., Ortner, W., Schweiger, J.: Industrie 4.0 - Informationstechnologie verschmilzt mit Produktion. Prod. Manag. 19(1), 59–62 (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Spath, D., Ganschar, O., Gerlach, S., Hämmerle, M., Krause, T., Schlund, S.: Produktionsarbeit der Zukunft - Industrie 4.0. Fraunhofer IAO (Institut für Arbeitwirtschaft und Organisation), Stuttgard (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rauch, E., Dallasega, P., Matt, D.: Critical factors for introducing lean product development to small and medium sized enterprises in Italy. Elsevier. Procedia CIRP 60, 362–367 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gabriel, M., Pessl, E.: Industry 4.0 and suitability impacts. Critical discussion of suitability aspects with a special focus on future of work and ecological consequences. Ann. Faculty Eng. Hunedoara – Int. J. Eng. 14(2), 131–136 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Matt, D., Rauch, E.: Chancen zur Bewältigung des Fachkräftemangels in KMU durch Urbane Produktion von morgen. In: Kersten, W., Koller, H., Lödding, H. (eds.) Industrie 4.0 Wie intelligente Vernetzung und kognitive Systeme unsere Arbeit verändern, Berlin, pp. 155–176 (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dassisti, M., et al.: Industry 4.0 paradigm: the viewpoint of the small and medium enterprises. In: 7th International Conference on Information Society and Technology, Kopaonik, Serbia, pp. 50–54 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schmeiss, J., Dopfer, M.: Die digitale Geschäftsmodell-Transformation - Chancen, Risiken und Strategien für den deutschen Mittelstand. In: Mittelstand-Digital. Wissenschaft trifft Praxis. Digitale Geschäftsmodelle: Erfolgsfaktoren und Praxisbeispiele, pp. 7–13. Bad Honnef: Begleitforschung Mittelstand-Digital WIK (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wischmann, S., Wangler, L., Botthof, A.: Industrie 4.0: Volks- und betriebswirtschaftliche Faktoren für den Standort Deutschland (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sommer, L.: Industrial revolution - Industry 4.0: are German manufacturing SMEs the first victims of this revolution? J. Industr. Eng. Manag. 8(5), 12–32 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Universität Bremen: Industrie 4.0 - Auswirkungen auf Aus- und Weiterbildung in der M+E Industrie. Die bayerischen Metall- und Elektro-Arbeitgeber (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    PricewaterhouseCoopers: Industry 4.0: Building the Digital Enterprise (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    McKinsey&Company: Industry 4.0 how to navigate Digitization of the manufacturing sector. McKinsey Digital (2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schröder, C.: The Challenges of Industry 4.0 for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (2016)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kochan, D., Miksche, R.: Advanced manufacturing and Industrie 4.0 for SME. Newtech. In: 5th International Conference on Advanced Manufacturing Engineering and Technologies (2017)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lichtblau, K., et al.: Industrie 4.0 – Readiness. Stiftung für den Maschinenbau, den Anlagenbau und die Informationstechnik (VDMA), Aachen, Köln (2015)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pessl, E., Sorko, S., Mayer, B.: Roadmap Industry 4.0 - implementation guideline for enterprises. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Soc. 5(6), 193–202 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    PricewaterhouseCoopers: Industry 4.0 - Digital Operations Self-assessment (2016)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fraunhofer ISI: Internet-based self-assessment instrument Industrie 4.0 for Baden-Württemberg. Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (2015). https://www.isi.fraunhofer.de/. Accessed 10 Mar 2018
  20. 20.
    Kane, G.C., Palmer, D., Phillips, A.N., Kiron, D., Buckley, N.: Achieving digital maturity. Adapting your company to a changing world. MISSIoan Manag. Rev. Deloitte Univ. Press (2017)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ernst & Young: Digital Maturity Check. https://digitalmaturitycheck.ey.com/. Accessed 10 Mar 2018
  22. 22.
    Forrester Research: The Digital Maturity Model 4.0 (2016)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Schumacher, A., Erol, S., Sihn, W.: A maturity model for assessing Industry 4.0 readiness and maturity of manufacturing enterprises. Procedia CIRP 52, 161–166 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schuh, G., Anderl, R., Gausemeier, J., ten Hompel, M., Wahlster, W.: Industrie 4.0 Maturity Index. Managing the Digital Transformation. Herbert Utz Verlag, Munich (2017)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rammer, C., Frietsch, R.: Global Champions und Hidden Champions: Internationale Konzerne und KMU im Innovationswettbewerb. Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe (2015)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Spithoven, A., Vanhaverbeke, W., Roijakkers, N.: Open innovation practices in SMEs and large enterprises. Small Bus. Econ. 41(3), 537–562 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    De Carolis, A., Macchi, M., Kulvatunyou, B., Brundage, M.P., Terzi, S.: Maturity models and tools for enabling smart manufacturing systems: comparison and reflections for future developments. In: Ríos, J., Bernard, A., Bouras, A., Foufou, S. (eds.) PLM 2017. IAICT, vol. 517, pp. 23–35. Springer, Cham (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72905-3_3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Handwerkskammer Koblenz-Kompetenzzentrum Digitales Handwerk Schaufenster West, 10 May 2017. https://handwerkdigital.de/. Accessed 8 Mar 2018
  29. 29.
    Deutsche Telekom: Der digitale Status Quo im Handwerk (2016)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cr@ftsman Project: Report on the situation of craftsmanship in Europe (2011)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Placzek, M., Eberling, C., Gausemeier, J.: Conception of a knowledge management system for technologies. In: International Association for Management Technology (IAMOT 2015) (2015)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pfohl, H.-C., Yashi, B., Kurnaz, T.: The impact of Industry 4.0 on the supply chain. In: Hamburg International Conference on Logistics (2015)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cerchione, R., Esposito, E.: Using knowledge management systems: a taxonomy os SME strategies. Int. J. Inf. Manag. 37(1B), 1551–1562 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rudtsch, V., Gausemeier, J., Gesing, J., Mittag, T., Peter, S.: Pattern-based business model development for cyber-physical production systems. Procedia CIRP 25, 313–319 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kagermann, H., Wahlster, W.: Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative Industrie 4.0. acatech - National Academy of Science and Engineering (2013)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Andulkar, M., Le, D.T., Berger, U.: A multi-case study on Industry 4.0 for SME’s in Brandenburg, Germany. In: Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii (2018)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Deloitte: Challenges and solutions for the digital transformation and use of exponential technologies, Zurich (2015)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Bauer, W., Schlund, S., Marrenbach, D., Ganshar, O.: Industrie 4.0 - Volkswirtschaftliches Potenzial für Deutschland, Bundesverband Informationswirtschaft Telekommunikation und neue Medien e. V. (2014)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Grass, K., Weber, E.: EU 4.0 - the debate on digitalisation and the labour market in Europe. Institute for Employment Research of the Federal Employment Agency (2016)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Plöger, I., Sahl, J.C., Willems, H., Bräutigam, P., Hinerasky, C., Klindt, T.: Industrie 4.0 – legal challenges of digitalisation. An input for the public debate. Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie e. V., Berlin (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Brozzi
    • 1
  • R. D. D’Amico
    • 1
  • G. Pasetti Monizza
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. Marcher
    • 1
  • M. Riedl
    • 1
  • D. Matt
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Italia ResearchBolzanoItaly
  2. 2.Free University of BolzanoBolzanoItaly

Personalised recommendations