A Customizable Lean Design Methodology for Maritime

  • Brendan P. SullivanEmail author
  • Monica Rossi
  • Sergio Terzi
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 540)


Lean focuses on the reduction of wastes, optimization of processes and consideration of the production of highly customized systems. Over the past decade the maritime industry has been working to apply unique solutions capable of improving their design and development performances by focusing heavily on production time and quality, however work and progress has been limited due to the competitive nature of the market [1, 2, 3, 4]. Despite efforts, design methodologies applied in the industry have remained rather unchanged, regardless of demand for the incorporation of new technologies and materials. Literature and multiple case studies were utilized to develop a design methodology, that aims to transform the design process into a lean process that is measurable and capable of addressing multiple areas of improvement. Through a holistic lean transformation methodology developed through this work, sociotechnical variables were incorporated to allow for maritime vessel designers to customize the method to overcome unique deficiencies. The paper describes the approach and work being undertaken as well as outlines the Lean Design Methodology for Maritime.


Vessel design Maritime design Shipbuilding Lean design Lean transformation LTF 



The content of this paper is based on the LINCOLN project (EU H2020 727982) that is currently under development ( We wish to express our deep gratitude to all LINCOLN partners.


  1. 1.
    Liker, J., Lamb, T.: Lean shipbuilding. In: Ship Production Symposium, Ypsilanti, MI, June 2001Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Koenig, P.C., Narita, H., Baba, K.: Lean production in the japanese shipbuilding industry? J. Sh. Prod. 18(3), 167–174 (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Radovic, I., Macclaren, B.J.: Lean six sigma in shipbuilding. In: European Shipbuilding and Repair Conference on 2 November 2004, London (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Milanovic, V.: Application of set-based concurrent engineering to shipbuilding projects, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    European Commission: Report on the Blue Growth Strategy: Towards more sustainable growth and jobs in the blue economy, SWD/2017/128 Final, pp. 1–62 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Corbett, J.J., Winebrake, J.: The impacts of globalisation on international maritime transport activity, In: Global Forum on Transport and Environment in a Globalising World (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ki-moon, B.: Maritime Transport Is ‘Backbone of Global Trade and the Global Economy’, Says Secretary-General in Message for International Day (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Womack, J.P., Jones, D.T.: Lean Thinking: Banish Waste and Create Wealth In Your Corporation. Simon & Schuster, New York (1996)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Womack, J.P., Jones, D.T.: The Machine that Changed the World. Rawson Associates, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rossi, M., Morgan, J., Shook, J.: Lean product and process development. In: The Routledge Companion to Lean Management (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Storch, R.L., Lim, S.: Improving flow to achieve lean manufacturing in shipbuilding improving how to achieve lean manufacturing in shipbuilding. Prod. Plannning Control 7287(November), 127–137 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lang, S., et al.: Shipbuilding and lean manufacturing - a case study, Soc. Nav. Archit. Mar. Eng., no. 201 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Longva, K.K.: Warehouse Management in a Lean Shipbuilding Perspective - An Exploratory Case Study of Ulstein Verft, Høgskolen Molde (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Salem, O., Solomon, J., Genaidy, A., Minkarah, I.: Lean construction: from theory to implementation. J. Manag. Eng. 22(4), 168–175 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dugnas, K., Uthaug, I.: Can Lean Philosophy Strengthen and Develop Cluster Advantages? - An Exploratory Research towards Lean Shipbuilding (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vossen, C., Kleppe, R., Randi, S.: Ship design and system integration, September 2013Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mistree, F., Smith, W.F., Bras, B.A., Allen, J.K., Muster, D.: Decision-based design: a contemporary paradigm for ship design, Soc. Nav. Archit. Mar. Eng. Annu. Meet. (1990)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. European Commission: What is an SME, Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SME (2018).
  19. 19.
    P. R. Corporation.: The role of maritime clusters to enhance the strength and development of maritime sectors (2008)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kolić, D.: Lean manufacturing methodology for shipyards. Brodogradnja 63, 18–29 (2012)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gaspar, H.M., Ross, A.M., Rhodes, D.H., Erikstad, S.O.: Handling complexity aspects in conceptual ship design. In: International Maritime Design Conference, pp. 1–14, June 2012Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rossi, M., Terzi, S., Taisch, M.: Engineering and design best practices in new product development: an empirical research. Procedia CIRP 21, 2 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rossi, M., Terzi, S.: CLIMB: maturity assessment model for design and engineering processes. Int. J. Prod. Lifecycle Manag. 10(1), 20–43 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rossi, M., Kerga, E.T., Taisch, M., Terzi, S.: Proposal of a method to systematically identify wastes in new product development process. In: 2011 17th International Conference on Concurrent Enterprising, ICE, pp. 1–9 (2011)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Morgan, J., Liker, J.K.: No The Toyota Product Development System: Integrating People, Process, and Technology (2006)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shook, J.: The Lean Transformation Framework. The Lean Enterprise Institute (2018)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rossi, M., Taisch, M., Terzi, S.: Lean product development: a five-steps methodology for continuous improvement. In: 2012 18th International Conference on Engineering Technolory and Innovtion ICE 2012 - Conference Proceedings (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brendan P. Sullivan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Monica Rossi
    • 1
  • Sergio Terzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ManagementEconomics and Industrial Engineering - Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations