Sustainability of Cascading Product Lifecycles
Product lifecycles can contain several waste management steps after the production of a product. At each step, ‘end-of-life’ supply chains can separate, each emerging supply chain representing an intended lifecycle or an unintended, though not necessarily inferior lifecycle in terms of sustainability. This variety demonstrates the complexity arising at the end-of-life and indicates that not necessarily a single actor coordinates these supply chains. The cascade use methodology targets this complexity by identifying sustainable supply chains, possibly managed by alternative actors. This study applies the methodology to a novel case of vehicle reuse and conversion discussing its sustainability and implications for decision makers. The authors argue for more adaptive management approaches to address sustainability in product lifecycles more holistically.
KeywordsCascade use Recycling Reuse Remanufacturing Product lifecycle management Closed-loop supply chains Open-loop supply chains
MK and AP were financially supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Grant No: 01LN1310A).
- 1.EC: Circular Economy Strategy. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/circular-economy/index_en.htm. Accessed 31 May 2016
- 2.NPC: Circular economy promotion law of the People’s Republic of China: adopted at the 4th session of the standing committee of the 11th national people’s congress of the People’s Republic of China. Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), China, August 2008Google Scholar
- 3.Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Towards the Circular Economy: An economic and business rationale for an accelerated transition. https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/. Accessed 13 July 2016
- 4.European Commission: Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy. COM (2015). 614 final. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52015DC0614. Accessed 05 July 2016
- 10.Majumder, P., Groenevelt, H.: Competition in remanufacturing. Prod. Oper. Manag. 10(2), 125–141 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1937-5956.2001.tb00074.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 19.Guide, V.D.R., Wassenhove, L.N.: Closed-loop supply chains: an introduction to the feature issue (part 1). Prod. Oper. Manag. 15(3), 345–350 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1937-5956.2006.tb00249.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 20.Coffin, D.: Used vehicles are an important component of U.S. passenger-vehicle exports. USITC Executive Briefings on Trade, USITC, January 2015Google Scholar
- 21.Coffin, D., Horowitz, J., Nesmith, D., Semanik, M.: Examining Barriers to Trade in Used Vehicles. Working Paper ID-044, USITC - Office of Industries, August 2016. https://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/used_vehicle_wp_id-44_final_web_0.pdf. Accessed 13 September 2017
- 22.Sander, K., Wagner, L., Sanden, J., Wilts, H.: Development of proposals, including legal instruments, to improve the data situation on the whereabouts of end-of-life vehicles. Umweltbundesamt, Dessau-Roßlau (2017)Google Scholar
- 24.Zaun, T., Singer, J.: How Japan’s second-hand cars make their way to third world: Sophisticated market handles big used-vehicle surplus; way station in Dubai. Wall Street J. (2004). https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB107352145936011400