The Mongol Empire: 1206 AD to 1368 AD

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh


When Temuchin, later to be recognised as Genghis Khan, was born in 1167, the Mongols were part of a small group of nomads amongst many. Yet, at the peak of the power of the Mongolian Empire that he would establish, a population of one million Mongolians would control two-thirds of the old world, including three major civilisations; and a mobile pastoral society would become highly militarised. His father, Yesugei Baghutur, was the Khan of the small Kiyad tribe of the Mongols. At the time of the birth of Genghis Khan, his father was returning from a revenge military campaign against another group of Mongols, the Tartars. Genghis Khan and his first wife, Borte became betrothed in 1175 AD, when he was only eight years old. Borte was a few years older than he at the time.


Mongol empire Genghis Khan Pastoral society The Tartars 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangaralingam Ramesh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department for Continuing EducationUniversity of Oxford, Rewley HouseOxfordUK

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